An estimated 9 million people are sickened and 1,000 killed by food-borne illnesses in the U.S. each year, but until now officials were unable to pinpoint which foods were most likely to blame.
In a report released Tuesday, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the
Among the findings:
More than 80% of E. coli O157 cases were attributed to beef or crops such as leafy vegetables.
About 75% of campylobacter illnesses were linked to dairy (66%), particularly raw milk dairy, and chicken (8%).
More than 80% of listeria illnesses were attributed to fruit (50%) and dairy (31%).
Salmonella was found in a greater variety of food groups than E.coli, campylobacter or listeria, with 77% of cases tied to seeded vegetables such as tomatoes, eggs, fruits, chicken, beef, sprouts and pork.
The study was conducted by the Interagency Food Safety Analytics Collaboration, a partnership between the CDC, the FDA and the agriculture department.
Data were collected from nearly 1,000 outbreaks between 1998 and 2012.