Noel Carrillo was nervous this summer about his lack of health insurance.
"I was a little bit scared because things happen all the time," said the 26-year-old Westwood resident.
But now that he's headed to medical school at
Insurance coverage for young adults has been in the news as provisions of the
Though health insurance is often last on students' lists of things to think about, experts say they and their parents need to carefully consider a variety of options to make sure they've got the best coverage for their circumstances and their wallets.
Student health plans
As many as 1.5 million undergraduate and graduate students are enrolled in a health insurance plan offered through a college or university, according to the
The Affordable Care Act provides new advantages for students covered by their school's health insurance plan. Among them is the requirement that the plans provide preventive health services and access to contraception at no additional cost.
Overall, the greatest benefit of the law "is free preventive services," says Tamika Butler, the California director of Washington-based Young Invincibles, a national organization that seeks to represent the interests of 18- to 34-year-olds. "Even with a college plan, students sometimes can't afford to go to the doctor."
Many student health plans aren't required to comply with some of the law's protections, including one that eliminates caps on annual or lifetime benefits. These caps have been a common cause of financial hardship when students suffer injuries or illnesses.
Regardless, student health plans can be a cost-effective option for good coverage, experts say. "The other advantage of a student plan is you can fold it into your financial aid package so you don't have to put cash on the barrel," says Jenny Haubenreiser, immediate past president for the American College Health Assn.
Care on campus
Whether or not you buy into your school's health insurance plan, you may be required to pay a fee to help support an on-campus health clinic.
Although the fees vary, Haubenreiser says it's safe to assume a charge of $100 to $200 per semester. This is not a health insurance policy, but the clinics are a good source of primary care for students.
It's important to understand, however, that this typically doesn't cover hospital stays. "Most student health service is only for outpatient care," says Martin Rosen, co-founder and executive vice president of Health Advocate, a patient advocacy organization based in Plymouth Meeting, Pa.
Stay on Mom's or Dad's plan
Under the health law, most young adults can now stay on their parents' insurance plan until age 26.
This part of the law has helped about 3.4 million young adults nationwide gain insurance coverage. In some cases, it costs nothing to add adult children to a policy. Other plans charge at most $150 a month, which can still be cost-effective, says Mike Thompson at consulting firm
Pay careful attention if the student attends school out of state. Many health plans require you to use a network of healthcare providers within the geographic area in which the policy is issued.
If the plan is a preferred provider organization, typically you can see out-of-network doctors, although costs will be higher if you do. But experts say this can work if a healthy student visits the doctor only when home on break, as long as there is a health clinic on campus that can meet the student's primary care needs.
Get an outside policy
For students who also work full time, particularly those at community colleges that may not offer a health plan, it's a good idea to explore insurance options on the job.
There's also the private health insurance market. Though it may be tougher for someone to qualify for a health plan right now, next year the Affordable Care Act guarantees coverage to everyone who applies for a policy.
New private insurance options are coming. And on Oct. 1, Californians can begin shopping for a plan on Covered California, the state's new health insurance marketplace. Coverage purchased by Dec.15 will take effect Jan. 1. In addition, subsidies will be available to reduce the cost of coverage for lower-income adults.
Carrillo says he's thankful to have his student health plan, which kicked in last week. Without it, he'd be a doctor in training with no health benefits, he said. "I don't really have money, so if I didn't have student health insurance I would have to wing it."
Resources and links
Information about college health plans: American College Health Assn., acha.org
Comparing insurance options: Federal government's website healthcare.gov
Shopping for insurance coverage: Covered California, coveredca.com, starting in October
Zamosky writes about healthcare and health insurance.