Dear Liz: We are settling my dad's estate. My dad found a rock, and it sat in my parents' frontyard for years. He worked in a gravel pit for decades, and that was the only rock he found interesting enough to bring home. When my mom died, we held an auction of their household goods. My dad told me to take the rock home. I said that to be fair, the rock should be sold at auction. A family member then stole the rock and has been hiding it for more than two years. This person says it's going to be placed on my dad's grave site. I'm an executor, and I feel that the decision wasn't the relative's to make. It's the only possession of Dad's that I really want as a remembrance of him. We were extremely close. Dad knew the rock was taken to spite me, and it really bothered him. What are your thoughts?
Answer: Many of the items that trigger bitter family fights after a death don't have much fair market value. Family members imbue these objects with sentimental value and then go to war over them. They might insist it's the only thing they really want, or that they want it for their kids. Some go so far as to destroy their relationships with their loved ones to gain control of the supposed heirloom. (Which, often as not, winds up in the next generation's yard sale, as appraiser Julie Hall once noted.)
Maybe this relative did swipe the rock to spite you. Maybe this is just the latest chapter in a drama that's been playing out since childhood: "Dad always liked you better!" Maybe you're especially chafed that your relative took advantage of your attempt to be fair.
But again, the rock probably has only the value you give it. If you decide it's not worth fighting for, then it's just a rock.
Retiree can't get home equity loan
Dear Liz: I retired last year. I am 67, have more than $1 million in my retirement accounts, $80,000 in individual stocks, $50,000 in cash and more than $200,000 in equity in my home. I don't need to tap my Social Security benefit yet and can afford to wait until I am 70 to get the maximum monthly amount. I recently purchased a new car with a 0% loan for five years. That and my mortgage are the extent of my debt. One thing I would like to do is some home improvement. My fee-only financial planner suggested getting a home equity line of credit to cover the repairs and upgrades. This makes sense to me in that it spreads out the burden over time and is tax-deductible. My credit scores are 736, 801 and 839. But I'm finding it difficult to get a commitment from either my credit union or my bank because they don't see an income. I have been with both of these institutions for more than 30 years and the credit union holds the first mortgage. How do we get the lenders to factor retirement assets into the qualification calculations?
Answer: Last year, mortgage giants
Lenders, however, have to be willing to go to a little extra effort to learn the rules and apply them properly.
If yours aren't willing to do so, then it might be time to take your business elsewhere. A mortgage broker (referrals from http://www.namb.org) may be able to connect you with a lender who's more up to date.
Ways to reduce tax burden
Dear Liz: My husband and I have worked very hard and paid off our mortgage and all other debt. However, we find ourselves with no deductions now and are getting killed on income taxes. What can we do to lower our tax burden without incurring mortgage or student loan debt, child-care expenses and so on? We are in about a 33% tax bracket and it seems like we are being punished for being frugal and responsible.
Answer: There's an old saying, "Don't let the tail wag the dog." Incurring expenses just to get a tax break is usually absurd. When you were paying mortgage interest, for example, your tax break was only a fraction of what you paid out. In essence, you were getting about 33 cents back for every dollar you spent in interest.
Better ways to reduce your tax burden may include maxing out retirement plan contributions, taking advantage of flexible spending accounts if your employer offers them and installing alternative energy equipment in your home. (The credit for installing solar panels and similar systems equals just 30% of the cost, but the long-term energy savings may offset the rest of the bill.) If you own a business, consult with a tax pro about the many ways to cut your tax bill when you're self-employed.
Just remember that you're not being punished for your frugality. Your reward is more money in your pocket year-round.