Jan. 7, 1800 -- March 8, 1874 State: New York; Religion: Unitarianism Marriages: Abigail Powers; Caroline Carmichael McIntosh Party: Whig Term: July 10, 1850 - March 3, 1853 Vice president: None Highlights of presidency: He authorized Commodore Matthew Perry's trip to Japan, opening trade with that nation. He signed the Compromise of 1850, which admitted California as a free state and said Texas would decide whether it was a free or slave state. It mandated that the federal government enforce the handoff of fugitive blacks in the North to their Southern masters. Did you know? Fillmore was the last Whig president. After the Whig party split, he joined the Know-Nothing movement in a vain attempt to unite North and South on the slavery issue.