The distress call came Sunday around 1 p.m.: emergency in Beverly Hills. Someone was being held hostage at "
A similar call reached the
Unbeknown to sheriff's deputies, that mansion belonged to the most famous teenager on the planet,
Cowell was home when Beverly Hills police arrived at his residence. But there was no hostage negotiation, no armed standoff, nor were any arrests made. "The dispatcher believed the call was a hoax," said Lt. Lincoln Hoshino of the Beverly Hills Police Department.
Count Bieber and Cowell as the latest high-profile victims of "swatting," a fast-growing phenomenon masterminded by anonymous mischief-makers who alert police to a bogus crime situation, prompting a tactical response — sometimes by SWAT officers — that involves a high-risk search for phantom assailants. Several officers have already been injured responding to such calls, and officials, including Los Angeles Police Chief Charlie Beck, fear that it's only a matter of time before events turn deadly.
Within Hollywood, in an era when breaches of celebrity privacy have never been more invasive — by paparazzi, hacker journalists or even websites that provide detailed information about stars' homes and street addresses — the pranks have taken on troubling dimensions.
"Swatting is a very real problem for those in the public eye," said Blair Berk, a criminal lawyer who has represented stars including
What started a decade ago as a malicious prank among computer gamers is quickly evolving into a Grade-A crisis for law enforcement nationwide, encouraging new legislation aimed at stiffer punishments for swatters as well as redoubled attempts to defeat the "spoofing" technology that enables such cyber-troublemaking.
Chief Beck acknowledged that swatting has stretched the
"It not only draws public safety resources away from real emergencies, it places people at significant risk by the dispatch of armed police officers," said Beck. "Our big fear is that [swatting] will become more prevalent."
Hard to track
Chief Bill McSweeney of the Los Angeles Sheriff's Department says that the most sophisticated swatting maneuvers involve tricking caller ID so that a 911 call can be registered as having been placed from inside the very household being swatted.
Investigators say a 911 call reporting an armed home invasion that sent firefighters plus a dozen police officers swarming down on
That kind of "spoofing" technology — an elaborate computer fake-out that falsifies data, obscures a person's digital identity and location and can even make a man's voice sound female — is legal and widely available on the Web.
"Any time you use a telephone or a computer, there is an electronic trail," said Philip Lieberman, founder and president of Lieberman Software, which specializes in computer security. Phone carriers and Internet providers monetize every digital communication and have a vested interest in tracking caller origination. "It is virtually impossible not to get caught unless they have a heavy level of sophistication."
But even with the advanced software used by the LAPD, tracing spoofed calls or teletexts can be difficult. "If these calls originate with a throwaway phone," McSweeney said, "sometimes those are hard to track."
Two months after Cyrus was swatted, someone claiming to be a woman locked inside a closet at
Investigators found evidence that the emergency caller may have had Kutcher's house under surveillance, said two people familiar with the investigation who requested anonymity because the investigation is ongoing. They cited the caller's knowledge of how many people were inside the home before law enforcement arrived.
No one has been prosecuted in any of the celebrity swatting cases. But because of similarities in the Bieber, Cyrus and Kutcher incidents, police officials suspect the same person may have swatted the three stars — all of whom, coincidentally or not, have hosted the
Kevin Kolbye, assistant special agent in charge of the Dallas
"You no longer call pizza [to someone's house] like in the old days," said Kolbye. "Instead, the young generation are getting their kicks putting a lot of people at risk. We've already had a couple of
For years, computer gamers have used swatting to settle petty rivalries that grow out of online one-upmanship playing shoot'em-up titles like "Call of Duty: Black Ops." In 2009, Matthew Weigman, a blind 19-year-old hacker from Massachusetts, was sentenced to 11 years in federal prison for his part in a swatting conspiracy with a group of online buddies that staged over 250 swatting incidents in 60 cities.
When Los Angeles County Deputy Dist. Atty. Patrick Frey got swatted at his Rancho Palos Verdes home last July, he thought it might have been in retaliation for posts on his conservative-leaning Patterico's Pontifications blog.
In full view of his startled neighbors, Frey was led out in shackles by five armed deputies after a male caller told responders at the Lomita sheriff's station that the deputy district attorney had shot his wife. Outside were four police cruisers, a fire truck, an ambulance, a hazardous materials van and a chopper shining a spotlight over his property. Frey's wife was awakened and frisked by police on the front porch while two officers checked on the couple's 8- and 11-year-old children sleeping upstairs.
"I'm dealing with psychopaths who know where I live," Frey said. "Someone had it in for me so much, they committed an act they knew could get me killed." No arrests have been made in the case.
In June, another lawyer-blogger, Aaron Walker, was swatted at his home in Prince William County, Va. Two officers wielding M4 assault rifles showed up at Walker's town house and ordered him out. The attorney de-escalated the tension, however, by telling the patrolmen: "Let me guess, someone called and claimed I shot my wife."
"I believe this to be reckless endangerment if not attempted murder," Walker said. "The intent there was to cause harm. The other angle is, [swatting] degrades the police's ability to trust 911. It used to be they had some degree of trust knowing people had a fear of filing a false police report."
In October, Michigan Gov.
Currently, the FBI is investigating more than 100 active swatting cases nationwide. Chief McSweeney said the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department has taken on more than a dozen swatting cases in the last year involving online gamers, celebrities and bloggers.
One major stumbling block to police efforts, however, is California law. At present, making a false police report is a misdemeanor. But departments across L.A. County are beginning to realize that many jurisdictions are wasting valuable resources on swatting call-outs. "We are going to approach the Legislature with the idea of making swatting a felony," McSweeney said.
"There may be other ways to do it in which you wouldn't need a law," Lieu said. "But if they can't fix it — if they can't figure out a way to easily trace the people who make these very dangerous 911 calls — I would introduce a bill to try to mitigate the problem.
"The issue is, people have figured out how to do this," Lieu said, "and it's only going to get worse unless you can put some consequences in place."