The Flying Monkeys Those winged, ugly simians did the Wicked Witch of the Wests (Margaret Hamilton) bidding, including capturing Dorothy in the 1939 masterpiece The Wizard of Oz. In the original Oz novels by L. Frank Baum, they were described as intelligent monkeys with wings who were controlled by a golden hat worn by the Wicked Witch of the West. Some historians have actually looked at The Wizard of Oz novel as a political allegory with the monkeys representing former African American slaves who have been set free. Others even believe they are hired Pinkerton agents, perhaps because Baum talks about Pinkerton agents in The Lost Princess of Oz.
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