Hollywood began to take interest in Elmore Leonard, who died Tuesday, nearly 60 years ago. But back then he wasn't writing the crime novels he became famous for; he focused on western short stories and novels.
Here's a look at some of his earliest adaptations and screenplays:
"Moment of Vengeance": His western short story of the same name was adapted in 1956 for the
"3:10 to Yuma": Delmer Daves directed this gritty 1957 western drama starring Glenn Ford and Van Heflin that was based on Leonard's short tale, "Three-ten to Yuma."
"The Tall T": In the 1950s and early 1960s, director Budd Boetticher, actor
"Hombre": Director Martin Ritt and his "Hud" screenwriters Irving Ravetch and Harriet Frank Jr. brought Leonard's revisionist western drama to the big screen in 1967 with Paul Newman starring as an Apache-raised white man.
"The Big Bounce": Leonard's crime thriller was turned into a wan 1969 vehicle for then-married
"The Moonshine War": Leonard began writing for the screen with this critically panned 1970 adaptation of his Depression-era crime novel set among moonshiners in Kentucky.
"Valdez is Coming": Edwin Sherin directed this violent 1971 version of Leonard's novel of the same name starring Burt Lancaster as a Mexican-American sheriff who takes on a powerful landowner.
"Joe Kidd": Leonard wrote an original screenplay for this classic 1972 western directed by
"Mr. Majestyk": Leonard also penned the original screenplay of this Richard Fleischer-directed 1974 action tale about a a melon farmer, played by Charles Bronson, who finds himself taking on the mob because he won't exploit his migrant workers.
"High Noon, Part II: The Return of Will Kane": Leonard provided the screenplay for CBS' disappointing 1980 TV sequel to the 1952 western classic