"We wanted the blacks to be truly black, and the first image of Bonasera [Salvatore Corsitto] was to appear out of that," said Francis Ford Coppola, speaking via e-mail about the opening scene of his landmark drama.
"I believe that there were only five or six shots in the first 20 minutes that were still original," said restoration supervisor Robert Harris, who previously had worked to restore films including "Vertigo" and "Lawrence of Arabia." "Virtually every splice was held together with Mylar tape. Tears went into image in hundreds of frames. Sections were totally without perforations."
The restoration might never have happened, though, without the intervention of Coppola's old friend Steven Spielberg. He persuaded Paramount Chairman Brad Grey to greenlight the undertaking, which included full-digital restorations of "The Godfather" and "The Godfather: Part II" and the remastering of "The Godfather: Part III."
"The restoration took so long because the former Paramount policy was not to spend money," Coppola said. "I called [Spielberg], knowing how much he believes in restoration and how much he had expressed to me that he loved this film."
Although Coppola was not directly involved in the restoration effort, he offered Harris several directives in "bringing the [first two] films back to what they were in 1972 and '74." Harris, in turn, relied on Gordon Willis, the trilogy's cinematographer.
Known as the "Prince of Darkness," Willis typically underexposed light to heighten the mood of a scene and maintained strict control of how the negative was printed.
" 'The Godfather' [films] were designed to have a kind of classic retrospective look," Willis explained by e-mail from Massachusetts. "The lighting structure came out of a need to present [Marlon] Brando properly as an aging, monolithic don. My choice was to use overhead lighting to enhance Marlon's makeup."
The most dramatic enhancement, however, was to "The Godfather's" pivotal restaurant sequence, in which Michael Corleone (Al Pacino) guns down Sollozzo (Al Lettieri) and Capt. McCluskey (Sterling Hayden). Because of a printing error, half of the sequence always looked faded.
"This was one sequence that we held to the very end of the restoration," Harris said, "as we had [inspection technician] Joe Caracappa looking through hundreds of [film] cans from which we could attempt to harvest a better image . . . and the sequence finally looks as it should. You can really see the tension on Michael's face for the first time."