Oct. 1, 1924 - State: Georgia Religion: Baptist Marriage: Eleanor Rosalynn Smith Military service: He served in the Navy aboard submarines from 1946 to 1953, rising from ensign to lieutenant senior grade Party: Democrat Term: Jan. 20, 1977 - Jan. 20, 1981 Vice president: Walter F. Mondale Highlights of presidency: Carter pardoned an estimated 10,000 draft evaders of the Vietnam War era on his first day in office. The cornerstone of Carter's foreign policy was a call for human rights around the world. The U.S. and Panama concluded a treaty in September 1977 that returned control of the Panama Canal and its zone to Panama on Dec. 31, 1999. In September 1978, Carter shepherded talks between Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, leading to the Camp David Accords, which established a framework for peace in the Middle East. Because of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, Carter mounted a global protest, suspended sales of technology and grain to the Soviets and joined more than 60 other nations in boycotting the Moscow Olympics. On Nov. 4, 1979, militants seized the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, demanding the return of the deposed Shah Reza Pahlavi. Some hostages were held for 444 days until, after a failed U.S. rescue attempt followed by talks, they were freed the day Carter's successor, Ronald Reagan, was inaugurated. Did you know? He was the first president born in a hospital. He studied nuclear physics at Annapolis and contributed to the development of the nuclear sub. Carter served as a member of the Georgia State Senate, 1963-1967; and governor, 1971-1975. He was the first president sworn in using his nickname, Jimmy. He is a speed-reader capable of reading 2,000 words per minute. He was the first president since 1932 to lose re-election.
Copyright © 2017, Los Angeles Times