Jan. 9, 1913 - April 22, 1994 State: California Religion: Quaker Marriage: Thelma Catherine "Pat" Ryan Military service: He served during World War II in the Pacific, where he was in charge of the South Pacific Combat Air Transport Command at Bougainville and Green Island east of New Guinea. Party: Republican Term: Jan. 20, 1969 - Aug. 9, 1974 Vice president: Spiro Agnew, 1969-1973; vacant 1973; Gerald Ford, 1973-1974 Highlights of presidency: Nixon reduced U.S. involvement in Vietnam while expanding the fighting in Cambodia and Laos. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was repealed in 1970; by August 1972 the last U.S. ground troops were withdrawn, and in January 1973 a peace treaty was signed with the North Vietnamese in Paris, ending the war. In 1970, the Environmental Protection Agency was established to monitor, regulate and control pollution. Nixon was the first president to visit China. In May 1972, Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev signed the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, which froze the number of offensive ballistic missiles at current levels. On June 17, 1972, five agents of the Committee to Re-elect the President were arrested in the act of burglarizing the Democratic National Headquarters at the Watergate complex in Washington, D.C. The ensuing scandal forced Nixon to resign in disgrace. Did you know? As a teen, Nixon worked for the family grocery business. He was in Dallas the day President John F. Kennedy was assassinated. He was the second Quaker to be elected president. (Herbert Hoover was the first.) Nixon also served as a member of the U.S. House, 1947-1950; U.S. senator, 1951-1953; and vice president, 1953-1961. He ignored the Quaker tenet of pacifism and enlisted in the Navy during World War II; he also ignored the Quaker ban on swearing oaths when he took office as vice president and president. He was the first president to visit all 50 states. Nixon suffered from motion sickness and hay fever. He is the only president to resign his office.
Copyright © 2018, Los Angeles Times