HOW IT GOT ITS NAME: From Lichfield in Staffordshire, England. Local historians have concluded that the added "T" was the result of a clerical error.
ORIGINS: Originally called Bantam by the Indians, the area was settled in 1719 when a group from Hartford and
purchased the land for "fifteen pounds money." It was named and established that same year.
DID YOU KNOW: Judge Tapping Reeve established the country's first law school in Litchfield in 1784. Sarah Pierce founded one of the earliest educational institutions for women when she opened the Litchfield Female Academy in 1792.
REVOLUTIONARY WOMEN: Shortly after the adoption of the Declaration of Independence, members of the Sons of Liberty tore down a statue of King George that had been erected in
and secretly carted it to Litchfield where the town's women melted its lead into bullets for the Continental Army.
, Oliver Wolcott,
and John C. Calhoun attended law school there. Current residents include
ON THE WEB: To see more, go to
SOURCES: The Hartford Courant;