For two decades starting in the 1930s, the respected Journal of the
(JAMA) ran advertisements for cigarettes. A long-running ad (see it and others
proclaimed that "20,679 Physicians say 'LUCKIES are less irritating.'" All these years later, cigarette packages are featured in a leading medical journal--the venerable New England Journal of Medicine. But the latest ones show tobacco's toll: dead bodies, blackened lungs and shattered lives.
The journal this week published a
for its readers introducing the graphic warning labels that will cover the top half of every package of cigarettes sold in the United States starting in the fall of 2012. The new images and messages,
giving the agency broad powers to regulate tobacco, were accompanied by a brief "perspective" by Dr. Howard K. Koh, assistant secretary for health, Department of Health and Human Services.
The new graphic warnings, Koh wrote, "are more likely to be noticed than text-only labels, are viewed as more effective in communicating health risks to smokers, and are associated with increased motivation on the part of smokers to
." Some 30 countries have preceded the U.S. in requiring that cigarette packaging include graphic--sometimes very graphic--labels that warn consumers about the known health consequences of
and exposing others to tobacco smoke. You can see images of graphic warnings used around the world
The FDA has said it will likely issue a second crop of graphic warning labels within a year or two after the new labels go into broad circulation, to ensure that consumers continue to notice and respond to the messages. Among those the FDA might adopt is a powerful image that Canada recently announced it will use in its second round of warning labels. You can see the image and read the remarkable back story of it