Mother Says Children's Hospital Should've Had Safeguards In Place Before Mistake That Cost Her Teen Boy His Life

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The mother of a 15-year-old autistic boy says Seattle's Children's Hospital should have had safeguards in place before making a fatal mistake they admitted was wrong.

Tammy Jarbo-Blankenship lost her son Michael last March after a visit to Seattle Children's Hospital for routine dental work. Michael had been prescribed a fetanyl patch after his dental work, and died at home in his bed overnight.

The medical examiner found the teen died from an accidental overdose, and the hospital admits they made a mistake in prescribing the medication usually reserved for much more serious cases like people with cancer.

"I just want people to know it was preventable, that Michael was a human being, and deserved the same respect and care that any individual would have walking into a hospital," said Jarbo-Blankenship, "and that Michael had a very long and happy life ahead of him and Children's took that from him."

On Tuesday, officials at Seattle Children's Hospital admitted the error , apologized and said they have changed their procedures. They say, "A thorough investigation revealed that this was not the fault of any one individual. Our detailed root cause analysis identified that this occurred because our processes failed at multiple points. We have since changed the way we prescribe and administer fentanyl patches."

"Michael shouldn't have had to die for Children's to put safeguards in place to make sure this doesn't happen," said Jardo-Blankenship Thursday.

The family has filed a civil suit in King County Superior Court, and names Seattle Children's Hospital and the physicians who were involved with Blankenship's treatment.

Tammy says they are taking life minute-by-minute right now, and Michael's brother has really suffered, and not only won't return to the home, but has had to endure counseling since his brother's death.

"Jeffrey hasn't been able to return to our home since that day we found Michael dead," said Jarbo-Blankenship, "so essentially I lost both of my children."

Tammy says Michael loved to do all the things kids typically like to do like rollerblading, dancing, listening to rock and roll, and she says he loved to play games with his youth group. She says the family has started a foundation in Michael's name with the goal of "educating and informing the medical community about safe and effective ways to treat children with disabilities including autism."

Below is the complete statement from Seattle Children's Hospital issued Tuesday:

Spokesperson: Dr. David Fisher, Medical Director, Seattle Children's HospitalAt Children's we continually strive to improve the quality and safety of the care we provide. However, despite the work that we do to improve our medication and safety systems – errors are still possible. We want you to be aware of a fatal medication error that occurred at Seattle Children's. We prescribed and dispensed a high-dose fentanyl patch for outpatient post-operative pain control to a teenager with special needs who could not tolerate pills or liquid medicines. The patient died at home on the night of surgery, from an inadvertent narcotics overdose. We can never bring back this child or fully understand to what level we have devastated their family. We are deeply sorry for the family and will do everything in our power to ensure this never happens to another child at Children's. When we learned of the patient's death, we immediately reviewed the clinical record and conducted a detailed root-cause analysis to determine why our usual medication safety checks did not prevent this tragic error. While this medication was prescribed and dispensed with the intention of providing the best care for the patient, in this case both the delivery system and the dose were inappropriate. We immediately notified the family of our error and apologized. A thorough investigation revealed that this was not the fault of any one individual. Our detailed root cause analysis identified that this occurred because our processes failed at multiple points. We have since changed the way we prescribe and administer fentanyl patches.

Based on our review, we have initiated several actions: • We quickly changed our process for prescribing and administering fentanyl patches. Clinicians now must get approval from our pain medicine specialists. This ensures that a practitioner with the most expertise in chronic and acute pain management is weighing the risks and benefits of using a fentanyl patch delivery system in each patient before a prescription is given to a family. • We reported this event to the Wash. Department of Health, as required by law. We also completed a report to the FDA, which is voluntary. • We added information to our medication database that highlights the indications and contraindications for the use of a fentanyl patch. Specific language was added around what patients qualify for this type of medication, under what circumstances it can be used, and about monitoring for response and adverse events. We are providing comprehensive information to patients, families and other practitioners before fentanyl patches are used. Children's pharmacists also designed and now use a special safety screening tool to ensure that the therapy is appropriate for each patient. • We are looking for additional areas of risk where we can apply prospective safety process improvements to other high risk medications. We have embarked on a system-wide assessment of all high risk drugs used in our facility. We are committed to a multidisciplinary effort to identify and fix gaps in our medication processes. We are addressing all opiate pain medications as our initial area of focus.This incident reinforces the fact that there is still work to be done to eliminate the potential for error in our processes. Providing a safe and healing environment for our patients and families is always our highest priority.

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