1 hour, 30 minutes
Pastry for 9-inch tart pan
1/2 pound blanched almonds
2/3 cup plus 1 tablespoon sugar, divided
2 teaspoons vanilla extract
2 teaspoons grated orange zest
1 tablespoon Oloroso or other sweet Sherry
1/4 teaspoon salt
2 tablespoons butter, cut into 8 pieces
3 ( 1/2-pound) Bartlett pears, firm but ripe
Apple cider vinegar
1 tablespoon butter, melted
1. Prepare the pastry
and fit it into a 9-inch tart pan with a removable bottom. Refrigerate until well chilled, about 20 minutes. Prick the shell with a fork and bake until lightly golden, about 10 minutes. Remove from the oven and let come to room temperature.
2. Heat the oven
to 375 degrees and place a baking sheet on a low rack.
3. In a food processor
, grind the almonds. Add 2/3 cup sugar, the eggs, vanilla, orange zest, Sherry and salt, and process to make a smooth, sticky paste. With the motor running, drop in the butter through the feed hole, piece by piece, and process until smooth.
4. Peel the pears
, cut them in half lengthwise and with a spoon remove the vein for the stem and the seed pit. As you finish each pear half, slip it into a work bowl filled with a mixture of 1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar and enough water to cover all of the pears.
5. Spread the almond
mixture in the base of the tart, using the back of a spoon to spread it as evenly as possible.
6. Pat each pear half dry
and carefully cut it into thin crosswise slices, about 1/8 inch, keeping the pear in its original form. As you finish each pear half, lift it, using the flat of the knife as a spatula, and carefully place it in the tart pan, with the narrow stem end toward the center. Gently press down into the frangipane. Place each subsequent pear half next to the previous one in a spoke pattern until the tart is filled. Brush the pears with the melted butter and sprinkle with about 1 tablespoon sugar.
7. Place the tart pan
on the baking sheet and bake until the almond mixture is puffed and golden and the pears are tender, 40 to 45 minutes. Serve at room temperature.