The panel found the Asiana pilots mismanaged their landing approach and inadvertently shut off an automatic speed control system that might have prevented the accident.
“We believe the
“We again express our great sorrow for the accident, the loss of life and the injuries sustained by the passengers and crew," the airline added. The NTSB made four training recommendations to Asiana, all of which Asiana has already implemented."
Meeting in Washington, the National Transportation Safety Board also blamed the crash on the pilots' failure to monitor their airspeed and altitude and a decision to abort the landing that came too late.
The crash occurred last July when an Asiana
Investigators have said the pilots came in too slow and too low to touch down safely.
In addition to the main causes, the NTSB concluded that a number of factors contributed to the crash, including the complexity of the Boeing's automated flight systems and fatigue that probably degraded the performance of the pilots.
The four-member panel also said that the trainee captain at the controls that day lacked the training for landing an aircraft manually, and the pilot-instructor monitoring in the cockpit provided inadequate supervision.
During the hearing, the NTSB weighed a variety of factors, including the skill and training of Asiana's pilots and the effect of computerized flight systems on flight crew awareness.
Much of the discussion focused on the design of a
Investigators found that the pilots inadvertently deactivated the device when they did not completely turn off the plane's automated flight systems during the approach to landing. As a result, the automatic throttle went into a hold mode and could not activate when airspeed dropped.
Late last year, Asiana officials announced they would overhaul the airline's safety procedures and improve training to sharpen flying skills, such as increasing the hours of flight simulator training for landings without relying on automated guidance systems.
The carrier has vowed to add safety specialists, improve maintenance and hire consultants to evaluate its procedures.
Meanwhile, the South Korean government is considering an increase in training requirements and tougher penalties for accidents that result in casualties.