The state's relatively new top-two primary election system has helped more than a dozen June write-in candidates earn places on the Nov. 4 ballot -- and without paying filing fees.
Under the top-two system, all the candidates for a given California office appear on the same ballot and only the first- and second-place finishers are allowed to advance to the fall general election, regardless of any party affiliation.
In the two state election cycles in which the new system has been used, it has produced several fall races pitting members of the same party against each other and, in a handful of contests opened the door for an unaffiliated candidate to compete head-to-head with a member of a major party.
This fall, write-in hopefuls will appear on the ballot in a race for one seat on the state Board of Equalization and in two congressional, three state Senate and 10 Assembly district contests.
How did that happen?
After the filing period passed for the June 3 primary, candidates, or in some cases their party leaders, scoured the lists for attractive contests -- in many cases, those with just one candidate.
In one Assembly race, for example, in which incumbent Chris Holden (D-Pasadena) appeared to be running unopposed, four write-ins -- three
For the state Board of Equalization seat to which Democrat Jerome E. Horton of Inglewood is seeking reelection, Republican G. Rick Marshall's 1,849 votes put him ahead of the three other write-ins, giving him a chance to take on Horton , who got 402,244 votes.
But his and other write-in candidates' primary victories are likely to be short-lived, as most face overwhelming odds in the fall. They'll be going up against better known, better financed incumbents.
They include Rep.
Democrat Raul Garcia fared a bit better in his write-in primary challenge to Rep.
The new system also prohibits any write-ins in the general election. As with other candidates, much rides on the primary -- if they fail to finish first or second, they're done.