A monster storm continues to pummel the Northeast, covering cities from eastern Massachusetts to Maine with snow and ice, blowing down trees and downing power lines with hurricane-force winds, and flooding coastal towns with record-high tides.
The first major snowstorm of the year, powered by a "bomb cyclone," began in the South, dropping snow in some areas that hadn't seen it for decades.
On Thursday, it moved up the Eastern Seaboard toward Canada. It is forecast to be followed by frigid cold, with temperatures in the single digits and teens in many areas and wind chills as low as 30 degrees below zero. The snow followed more than a week of frigid temperatures that have affected vast portions of the East, Midwest and South.
Several governors declared states of emergency, and blizzard warnings were in effect up and down the East Coast. At least 4,215 U.S. flights were canceled, according to the flight tracker FlightAware.
In New York City, Mayor Bill de Blasio closed all public schools and urged New Yorkers to stay off the roads as much as possible. He said the Department of Sanitation had deployed some 700 salt spreaders and 1,500 plows.
Describing the storm as a "snowstorm-plus," Gov. Andrew Cuomo declared a state of emergency in New York City, Westchester County and Long Island.
"Snow is one thing — we can handle snow," he said in a briefing Thursday morning. "It's snow plus the wind, which is going to cause the trouble today."
More than 1,000 flights in and out of Newark Liberty International Airport in New Jersey were canceled. All flights at LaGuardia and Kennedy International airports in New York were temporarily suspended due to strong winds and whiteout conditions.
Despite the warnings and caution, many New Yorkers were unfazed by the storm and went about their regular business. City employees reported for work. Some expressed excitement about a snow day, while others scoffed at the notion that schools should be closed for only 6 to 10 inches of snow.
Elsewhere across the Northeast, the storm's impacts were more severe.
Some coastal regions, including parts of Atlantic County in New Jersey and Nassau and Suffolk counties on Long Island, had already received up to a foot of snow by noon Thursday and drifts twice that high. The National Weather Service warned of decreased visibility and snow-covered roads along the Interstate 95 corridor through Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
Power companies reported outages from Virginia to Massachusetts, with nearly 40,000 customers out of power in Virginia at one point, according to a Dominion Energy outage map.
In Massachusetts, all non-emergency state employees stayed home and the courts were closed. Gov. Charlie Baker urged the public to stay off the roads, check for frozen pipes and shovel out driveways and sidewalks before accumulated snow freezes. The National Weather Service warned of "dangerously cold wind chills" that could cause frostbite to exposed skin in as little as 10 minutes.
In Boston, to ensure a safe arrival, nurses and doctors were transported to hospitals by police officers.
In the seaside town of Duxbury, Mass., firefighters were responding to several water rescues — on land.
"This isn't the ocean," a public information officer for the fire department tweeted. "Streets completely under water."
Eastern Massachusetts and Cape Cod saw significant coastal flooding Thursday afternoon, with water inundating streets and basements. It was one of the highest tides on record, said Hayden Frank, a meteorologist for the National Weather Service office near Boston.
Water has started to recede but in some areas was trapped by forceful winds and could freeze as the temperature drops in the evening.
Pete Costello, the assistant curator at Stone Zoo in Stoneham, Mass., said although some of their animals stayed indoors to keep warm, others, such as the yaks, were doing just fine.
"Reindeer, arctic foxes and snow leopards are also well-suited for extreme cold with their well-insulated coats…. The cold-hardy animals have been doing well — this is really their time of year," he said.
Portland, Maine, reached its third-highest tide on record Thursday afternoon, at 13.79 feet. The southwest coast of Maine and coastal New Hampshire saw significant flooding, according to the weather service.
The winter storm had passed much of the Southeast, although it remained unseasonably cold along the coasts of Southern states.
In North Charleston, S.C., forecasters Wednesday saw a record lowest high temperature — 31 degrees. A normal high for the area in January is about 60 degrees.
In Tallahassee, Fla., residents saw snow for the first time in nearly 30 years. The occurrence of snow there in January was even more unusual — the first time since official weather records started being kept in 1885.
On social media, residents posted images of making snow angels rather than their usual sand castles, and shared rare photos of orange and grapefruit trees speckled with snowflakes. Some Floridians even made snowmen, albeit small ones — some just inches high.
Others posted images of cold-stunned iguanas that had fallen from their perches in trees.
Mark Wool, the warning coordination meteorologist for the National Weather Service in Tallahassee, said usually it's either too dry for enough snow to fall, or the ground isn't cold enough for it to stick.
However, it has been cold for several days in a normally temperate climate. "I've worked here for 19 years, and I don't recall when we've had an entire week where we've had temperatures held below 50 degrees," Wool said.
Agrawal reported from New York and Cosgrove from Los Angeles.
5:30 p.m.: This article was updated with details about coastal flooding and comments from Hayden Frank and Pete Costello.