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Welcome to Trail Guide, your host through the wilds of the 2016 presidential campaign. It's Sunday, Jan. 17, and here's what we're talking about:
- Bernie Sanders and Hillary Clinton went after each other almost immediately at the Democratic debate, starting with guns and healthcare
- Sanders, Clinton and Martin O'Malley each laid out what their first 100 days in the White House would look like
- Sanders was under pressure from Clinton to detail his health plan, and he released it right before the debate
- Here's what Hillary Clinton says Bill Clinton's role would be in her White House
- Marco Rubio wades into the "New York values" debate
- Clinton deploys Bill to win over voters in Iowa
- Donald Trump and Ted Cruz join in criticizing the U.S. prisoner swap with Iran
Live video: Democratic debate from South Carolina
Hillary Clinton has hinted that should she win the 2016 presidential race, her husband, former President Clinton, could have a role in her administration.
"It will start at the kitchen table. We will see how it goes from there," Clinton said in Sunday night's debate, drawing a loud applause.
"When it comes to the economy and what was accomplished under my husband's leadership in the '90s ... you bet I'm going to ask for his leadership. I'm going to ask for his advice and I'm going to use him as a goodwill emissary to go around the country," she added.
Bill Clinton, whose poll numbers remain positive with the American electorate, has hit the trail in recent weeks to campaign for his wife in the early nominating states of Iowa and New Hampshire.
Pressed on Sunday night to complain about former President Clinton's extramarital affairs while commander in chief, Bernie Sanders instead pivoted to grouse about the media and label the inquiry all but a "gotcha" question.
"I cannot walk down the street without being told how much I have to attack Hillary," he said. He called Bill Clinton’s behavior “deplorable,” but said he was committed to debating Hillary Clinton on the issues.
It's not the first time Sanders has criticized campaign coverage. He's been complaining since the beginning of his White House run:
Democrats want more to be done on climate change
For Republicans including front-runner Donald Trump, climate change is nothing more than a hoax. But for the Democratic presidential hopefuls onstage Sunday night in South Carolina, the effects of climate change are real.
"I was home in Burlington, Vt., on Christmas Eve. The temperature was 65 degrees. People in Vermont know what's going on; people who did ice fishing where their ice is no longer there on the lake understand what's going on," said Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders. "The debate is over. Climate change is real."
He accused Republicans of being "owned by the fossil fuel industry."
"They don't even have the courage or decency to listen to the scientists," Sanders said.
Former Maryland Gov. Martin O'Malley urged his rivals to do more when it comes to combating climate change.
"I would like to challenge and invite my colleagues here on this stage to join me in putting forward a plan to move us to a 100% clean electric energy grid by 2050," he said.
Bernie Sanders is pressed to explain how he'd pay for the new programs he wants
Hillary Clinton sharpened her long-running attack on Bernie Sanders for championing an agenda that includes tax increases on middle-class families to pay for all the new government programs he is proposing.
“There are serious questions about how we are going to pay for what we want our country to do,” she said. “I am the only candidate standing here tonight who has said I will not raise taxes on the middle class. I want to raise incomes, not taxes.”
Sanders was unrepentant. He said most of the programs he is proposing would be funded through new levies on the wealthy and the financial industry.
“This country and the middle class bailed out Wall Street,” he said. “Now it is Wall Street’s time to help the middle class.”
Both Sanders and Clinton accused each other of not documenting in detail how the funding plan would work. And both insisted that they have provided a full explanation.
But the tax clash was sharpest on the issue of healthcare. The Sanders proposal to provide Medicare-style healthcare to every American would be funded with new taxes, including on the middle class. Sanders said it was disingenuous of the Clinton campaign to suggest this was an onerous burden.
“I am disappointed that Secretary Clinton’s campaign has made this criticism,” he said. “It is a Republican criticism. Secretary Clinton does know a lot about healthcare, and she understands, I believe, that a Medicare-for-all, single-payer program will substantially lower the cost of healthcare for middle-class families.”
He said they would pay a slight increase in taxes, but save more than $5,000 in health insurance costs. “A little bit more in taxes, do away with private health insurance premiums,” he said. “It is a pretty good deal."
NBC’s Andrea Mitchell, one of the moderators, pressed Sanders on the point, noting that he had vowed earlier in the campaign not to raise taxes on the middle class for anything other than funding a paid family leave program.
“It is not breaking my word,” Sanders said. “It is one thing to say I am raising taxes; it is another thing to say we are doing away with private health insurance premiums. … There are huge savings in what your family is paying.”
Bernie Sanders explains his socialist outlook
Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders both praised the landmark nuclear deal with Iran during Sunday's debate but cautioned that it does not mean the doors have been thrown wide open on newly close relations with the Islamic republic.
Clinton said the new sanctions that the Obama administration slapped on Iran on Sunday, unrelated to its nuclear program, showed that there are several knotty problems the two countries are staring down as they edge toward a new relationship after decades of acrimony.
"I was responsible for getting those sanctions imposed," Clinton said, referring to her time as President Obama's top diplomat.
Here's what Saturday's implementation of the nuclear deal means for U.S.-Iran relations and the future of the Middle East:
Donald Trump really did call climate change an invention of China
That's what Bernie Sanders charged during Sunday's debate. And he was right. Trump made the claim in 2012, well before his current run for the White House:
The back-and-forth between Clinton and Sanders on healthcare
During Sunday's debate, Hillary Clinton targeted Bernie Sanders' refusal to provide details on how his healthcare plan would be funded until two hours before the debate.
“When talking about healthcare, details really matter and therefore we have been raising questions,” she said. “He didn’t like that, his campaign didn’t like it either and tonight he’s come out with a new plan.”
“The Democratic Party and the United States has worked since Harry Truman to get the Affordable Care Act passed,” Clinton said. “We finally have a path to universal healthcare. We have accomplished so much already. I do not want to see the Republicans repeal it. And I don’t want to see us to start over again with contentious debate. I want us to defend and build on the Affordable Care Act and improve it.”
Sanders counted by pointing out that he helped pass the Affordable Care Act and labeled Clinton’s characterization of his healthcare efforts "nonsense."
“What a Medicare-for-all program does is finally provide in this country healthcare for every man, woman and child as a right,” Sanders said.
“We are spending far more per person on healthcare than the people of any other country."
Clinton called the Affordable Care Act “one of the greatest accomplishments of President Obama, of the Democratic Party and of our country. ... There are things we can do to improve it, but to tear it up and start over again, pushing our country into that type of contentious debate, I think is the wrong direction.”
Sanders retorted: “We are not going to tear up the Affordable Care Act. I helped write it. But we are going to move on top of that to a Medicare-for-all system.”
He said the reason the U.S. has not moved in the direction of other major democracies and imposed universal healthcare is because of a corrupt campaign finance system enabling insurance companies and pharmaceutical firms to stop it.
What the leading Democratic candidates would do to combat polarization in the country
In President Obama's State of the Union address last week, he said his biggest regret was that "rancor and suspicion between the parties has gotten worse instead of better."
On Sunday, Democratic presidential hopefuls were asked what they would do to reverse that decline in bipartisanship.
"I will go anywhere to meet with anyone at any time to find common ground," said Hillary Clinton.
While Clinton holds a strong lead nationally in the race to become the party's nominee, Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders is polling strong in the early nominating states of Iowa and New Hampshire.
Sanders, who has touted a populist message that hits heavily on income inequality, said partisanship and polarization are at an all-time high because Congress is "owned by big money."
"We have got to make Congress respond to the needs of the people," said Sanders.
Although Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders both want healthcare for all, they have repeatedly clashed over the best way to reach that goal.
They went at it again during Sunday's debate, when Sanders defended his vision for a new universal healthcare system.
Sanders has proposed what's known as a single-payer system, in which the federal government would essentially act as the country's insurance company. That's similar to how healthcare works in Canada and some European countries, and the Vermont senator said it will help drive down costs and ensure everyone receives medical coverage.
Sanders had come under fire from Clinton for not releasing more details on how the proposal would work, and how it would be funded -- something he did just hours before Sunday's debate. The former secretary of State says there's no way to pay for such an expensive program without raising taxes on the middle class, something she has ruled out.
Clinton also says Sanders is wrong to reopen the healthcare debate after Democrats already successfully enacted the Affordable Care Act, which leaves in place a system of private and employer-sponsored insurance.
"We have accomplished so much already," she said Sunday. "I do not want to see the Republicans repeal it, and I don't want to see us start over again with a contentious debate."
She has called for modest changes to the law, such as lowering the cost of prescription drugs and protecting patients from surprise medical bills.
Sanders rejected Clinton's claim that he would scrap Obamacare.
"We're not going to tear up the Affordable Care Act. I helped write it," he said. "But we are going to move on top of that to a Medicare-for-all system."
It’s not that Republicans and Democrats hate each other. That’s a mythology from the media.
We need a revolution in this country in terms of mental health treatment for drug abuse.
Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders was asked during Sunday's debate how he would address the conflicts between police and civilians that have roiled communities across the country over the last two years and given rise to the Black Lives Matter movement.
Sanders laid out a multi-point plan, calling for automatic federal investigations if a police officer kills someone, and for demilitarizing the look of police forces as well as diversifying their ranks.
It was a detailed proposal that was a far cry from earlier in the campaign, when Sanders was caught flat-footed when interrupted by protesters at a campaign event. The Times' Kurtis Lee and Evan Halper examined how the Black Lives Matter movement forced the Democratic presidential hopefuls to rethink their platforms:
Bernie Sanders’ record on guns is more complicated than Hillary Clinton is making it out to be
Hillary Clinton has repeatedly criticized Bernie Sanders' record on guns, one of the rare issues where she finds herself to the left of the Vermont senator.
"He has voted with the NRA, with the gun lobby, numerous times," Clinton said in Sunday night's debate, before listing a series of his votes.
As a congressman, Sanders voted against the Brady bill, the landmark background check legislation that President Bill Clinton signed into law in 1993. According to PolitiFact, Sanders voted against various versions of the bill as it weaved its way through Congress, keeping his word to rural voters in Vermont, a state with a strong hunting culture.
More recently, though, Sanders backed gun control measures in the aftermath of the Newtown, Conn., school shooting. He voted for a 2013 amendment to ban assault weapons and another to expand background checks. Both of those measures, however, failed to advance.
Sanders has received failing grades from the National Rifle Assn.
Much of Clinton's recent criticism has focused on a 2005 vote to provide legal immunity to gun manufacturers and dealers. Sanders has said he's willing to take a new look at the issue, and on Saturday night he backed legislation that would roll back some of the protections. Clinton said she was "pleased to hear that Sen. Sanders has reversed his position on immunity."
Sanders defended his previous vote, saying there were "some good provisions" in the 2005 bill, and called Clinton's attacks "very disingenuous."
"As a senator from a rural state that has virtually no gun control, I believe that I am in an excellent position to fight for sensible gun legislation," he said.
Clinton's team has called it a "debate-eve conversion."
What Democrats plan to do if they win the presidency
All three candidates were asked what they would do in their first 100 days in the White House. Here's what they sketched out:
In opening remarks, Democrats invoke Martin Luther King Jr.
Just before debate, Bernie Sanders unveils plan to pay for healthcare
Bernie Sanders has been talking a lot on the campaign trail about the shortcomings of Obamacare, pushing to replace it with a European-style healthcare system. But until Sunday night, he hadn’t explained how he would pay for it.
The plan would be funded, for the most part, through a new “healthcare premium tax” of 2.2% on income, along with a 6.2% “healthcare payroll tax” to be paid by employers. The new levies join several other tax increases Sanders has planned, most of them targeted at higher earners.
Sanders said the plan would ultimately lead to substantial savings for middle-class Americans, reducing their need for costly private insurance. His campaign projects that average medical care costs for a family earning $50,000 would drop from more than $6,000 to less than $500.
The details were unveiled just two hours before a Democratic debate in which healthcare is likely to be a central issue. Sanders produced the plan as Clinton has accused him of misleading voters about the cost that would be involved in running such a government medical care system.
As Hillary Clinton seeks to weaken his upstart bid for the Democratic presidential nomination, Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders is primed to quell the onslaught of criticism over his record on guns.
While the two offer few major ideological differences, the Clinton campaign has sought to cast Sanders as out of touch with the party on the issue in recent days, ratcheting up its attacks while polls show support for Sanders nearly matching hers in Iowa -- the state that opens the nominating process.
During debates and at town hall-style events, Clinton, the former secretary of State, has repeatedly castigated Sanders for voting in favor of a 2005 law that protects firearms manufacturers and dealers from being held liable when their products are used to commit crimes. Then-Sen. Clinton did not back the proposal.
He's a nasty guy. Nobody likes him. Nobody in Congress likes him. Nobody likes him anywhere once they get to know him.