About three hours after convening, the grand jury charged the Newport News native and former Atlanta Falcons starting quarterback with one count of promoting or engaging in dogfighting, and a second count of beating, killing or causing dogs to fight.
"We are disappointed that these charges were filed in Surry County since it is the same conduct covered by the federal indictment for which Mr. Vick has already accepted full responsibility and plead guilty to in U.S. District Court," Billy Martin, an attorney for Vick, said in a statement after the indictments were announced.
Martin said the county was trying to hold Vick "accountable for the same conduct twice."
The Surry indictments are the latest twist in a legal free fall that has derailed Vick's reputation as one of the NFL's leading stars and exposed the Newport News native as a central figure in a brutal dogfighting enterprise. Just five months ago Tuesday, police executed search warrants at a Surry house owned by Vick after his cousin, Davon Boddie, listed it as his address when arrested on drug charges. Once on the property, authorities discovered an extensive dog-training facility painted black in woods behind the house. They also discovered 66 dogs.
Last month, the 27-year-old Vick signed a plea agreement and a statement admitting his involvement in a dogfighting conspiracy. In his guilty plea, Vick admitted to bankrolling a dogfighting operation called Bad Newz Kennels over six years and participating in the killing of six to eight dogs.
He faces up to five years in prison in the federal dogfighting case with a sentencing hearing scheduled for Dec. 10 in Richmond.
On Tuesday, Surry Commonwealth's Attorney Gerald Poindexter also asked the local grand jury to indict Vick on eight counts of animal cruelty in the killing of poorly performing dogs, but the jury did not approve those charges.
Each of those counts would have carried a sentence of up to five years in prison, for a total of 40 years.
Vick's three co-defendants in the federal case - Quanis Phillips, Purnell Peace and Tony Taylor - were also indicted by the Surry grand jury on similar charges. Poindexter asked that they all be arraigned on Oct. 3.
Following the federal court guilty pleas by Vick and his co-defendants, it wasn't clear if local charges would be sought.
Commonwealth's Attorney Gerald Poindexter had maintained that he wanted to prosecute Vick in Surry County, but said earlier that charges might not come this month because he did not have access to evidence that federal prosecutors had taken to pursue their case, including some witnesses.
On Tuesday, however, he said that while federal investigators still had a great deal of the evidence in the case, he now had on hand the witnesses he needed to move forward.
"We have released back to our purview witnesses that we didn't have before," Poindexter said Tuesday.
In a statement, Poindexter said the decision of the grand jury - made up of two black men, two black women and two white women - was not about race. Four grand jurors need to agree to issue an indictment for a charge to go forward.