The charges stem from an incident earlier this year when a 63-year-old patient from Kaiser Permanente's Bellflower hospital was videotaped as she left a taxi in gown and socks, and then wandered skid row streets.
In addition to the criminal charges, the city attorney filed a civil lawsuit against Kaiser, using a state law on unfair business practices that city prosecutors usually implement against unscrupulous slumlords to force them to clean up their buildings. The suit seeks a judge's order to forbid all Kaiser medical facilities from dumping homeless patients on skid row or impose financial sanctions if it violates the order.
Kaiser is one of 10 area hospitals under investigation by city prosecutors for allegedly discharging patients to the 50-block area of downtown that is known for missions and homeless encampments. City Atty. Rocky Delgadillo said Wednesday that the Kaiser case was a first step in holding hospitals accountable for dumping.
"We seek to end the inhumane and illegal practice," Delgadillo said. "We believe this is the right action to take and it speaks to this region's values. We are in the right place at the right time to hold Kaiser accountable."
A Kaiser spokeswoman on Wednesday said she was "very surprised" by the charges.
"I can't understand how these charges would be levied based on what I know of the incident," said Diana Bonta, vice president of public affairs for Kaiser Southern California.
She said Kaiser had changed some of its practices since the March incident to better serve discharged homeless patients.
"As soon as we heard about it, we said this is not how we do business," she said. "And we apologized. Since then, we have been talking not only with the city attorney's office, but we've worked with the agencies that service the homeless."
The indictment marks a turning point in the city's yearlong effort to halt the practice by hospitals, as well as some outside law enforcement agencies, of dumping patients and criminals on downtown's troubled skid row.
The push comes as city leaders are trying to crack down on crime and blight in the district, which has the largest concentration of homeless people in the western United States.
The LAPD recently began more aggressive police patrols, and Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa has vowed to find more housing to get transients off the street. In Sacramento, lawmakers earlier this year passed legislation designed to reduce dumping homeless people by requiring all municipalities to devise plans to help their homeless populations.
Legal experts said the Kaiser lawsuit was novel but did have some legal precedent.
"This may be a bit of creative lawyering, but when they first used these kind of tactics against slumlords, it raised eyebrows but worked," said Laurie Levenson, a law professor at Loyola Law School.
"Corporations can be charged with crimes," she said. "In many ways it is better to go after the corporate entity as a prosecutor when it is a matter of policy and practice."
Unfamiliar with skid row
Prosecutors said they decided to file the Kaiser case first in part because they had strong evidence and a compelling victim. Reyes, who was homeless and lived mostly in a public park in Gardena, had never lived on skid row and was unfamiliar with the area, they said.
City officials have been in contact with Reyes since the March incident, when a "dumping cam" at the Union Rescue Mission, installed last year after Los Angeles police began accusing hospitals and police agencies elsewhere of dumping people on skid row, captured Reyes' arrival in the downtown zone. She wandered for about three minutes on busy San Pedro Street and then on the sidewalk before workers at the mission brought her inside.
Reyes, who was interviewed after the incident, said she could not remember what happened after she left the hospital or how she got to skid row.