2005: International Atomic Energy Agency and Mohamed ElBaradei

The Nobel committee honored the International Atomic Energy Agency and its director general, Mohamed ElBaradei, "for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way." ElBaradei, of Egypt, became director general of the IAEA in 1997. According to its website, the agency's inspectors seek to verify that nuclear materials are not used for military purposes; it also attempts to "mobilize peaceful applications of nuclear science and technology" and aids nations in upgrading nuclear safety and security.
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