Seniesa and Joe enter the Hollenbeck Youth Center, looking for Paul Gonzales: Joe's introduction is as Gonzales, Seniesa and Joe recall it. Gonzales' surprise and his recollection of what Joe had been like in the past are from an interview with Gonzales. The description of Joe and Seniesa as they spoke to Gonzales is from Seniesa, Joe and Gonzales. Streeter interviewed Gonzales in August 2003 and May 2004.
The trainers give her gloves and teach her a simple punch: From Seniesa, Joe, Gonzales and an interview in August 2003 with Ronny Rivota, a trainer at the gym.
Seniesa sparring for the first time: From Seniesa, Joe and Ronny Rivota, who described in detail what they saw and heard. Joe's reaction when Seniesa was hit is from Joe. It is Rivota who shouts breathing instructions. His words are as they were recalled by Rivota, Joe and Seniesa. Her anger as she punches the boy is from Seniesa.
Seniesa's elation and the hug from Joe: From Seniesa and Joe.
Driving home, Joe asks Seniesa if she wants to keep boxing: From Seniesa and Joe. Their words are as they remember them.
Description of the East L.A. boxing scene: From Streeter's observations. The boxing gym inside an abandoned jail is at the old Los Angeles city jail. The building that rises from the street like barracks is the Hollenbeck Youth Center. The gym in an old church is at the Oscar De La Hoya Youth Center. The gym with walls splintered by bullets is the 1st Street Boxing Gym.
Description of Joe's childhood in Tijuana: From an interview with Joe in April 2003 and an interview with his brother Mark Aguirre in May 2004.
Joe's early gang life: From Joe and interviews in April and May 2004 with those who knew him in his teens and early 20s, including Mark Aguirre; Seniesa's mother, Maryann Chavez; Maryann's sister, Rosa Espinoza; Seniesa's godmother, Alice Alvarez; and Paul Gonzales. Description of what he feels in "the zone" is from Joe.
Joe's past as a drug dealer, robber and thief: From the probation officer's report in California vs. Jose Luis Estrada. The report was submitted July 21, 1980. Also from interviews with Joe, Maryann and Gonzales.
Joe is dragged by an Impala, threatened and shot at by members of rival gangs: From Joe and corroborated by Paul Gonzales.
The fights at Pecan Park: From Joe and confirmed by Maryann, Alice Alvarez and Paul Gonzales. Corroborated by two former Primera Flats gang members who spoke on condition of anonymity.
Going into "the zone," wielding a crowbar: From Joe and corroborated by the probation officer's report used in California vs. Jose Luis Estrada.
Joe as Robin Hood: From Joe, Maryann, Paul Gonzales, Mark Aguirre, Alice Alvarez and two former Primera Flats gang members who spoke on condition of anonymity.
Description of Joe, the meticulous dresser: From Joe, Maryann, Paul Gonzales, Mark Aguirre, Alice Alvarez and two former Primera Flats gang members who spoke on condition of anonymity.
Joe becomes a junkie: From Joe, Maryann, Paul Gonzales, Mark Aguirre, Alice Alvarez and two former Primera Flats gang members who spoke on condition of anonymity.
Paul Gonzales encourages Joe to get off drugs: From Joe and Gonzales. The words spoken are as they remember them. Joe's thoughts when Gonzales jogged away come from Joe.
The robbery: From Joe; from trial testimony on March 18, 1980, in California vs. Jose Luis Estrada; and from the probation report in that case. Pee Wee is not further identified in the court transcript. Joe refused to identify him more fully to police, so he was not arrested. The words exchanged are from Joe and the court records.
Time in prison: From Joe and California Department of Corrections records.