United parent UAL Corp. was turned down for the guarantee on Thursday by the Air Transportation Stabilization Board.
The nation's second-largest airline expects a final decision on the loan guarantee from the board in "a matter of days, not weeks," United attorney James Sprayregen told a bankruptcy court judge on Friday.
United's chief financial officer sent a letter Friday formally requesting a meeting with loan board representatives. He wrote the airline would "shortly submit information justifying the need for reconsideration as well as proposed modifications to the loan terms."
Industry observers said United's chances of receiving government backing have dropped.
"The probability of a successful application has diminished" with the board's announcement, Merrill Lynch analyst Michael Linenberg wrote in a report on Friday.
Indeed, the board's third voting member said Friday that United's application had already been analyzed for months.
"I do not feel that it is necessary to reconsider the application; however, if UAL submits additional information and other members of the ATSB are inclined to reconsider, the ATSB staff will evaluate the additional information according to its usual procedures for reconsiderations," Federal Reserve Governor Edward Gramlich said in a statement.
It is unclear what changes United might make to reverse the board's decision. The carrier has promised $5 billion a year in cost cuts and revamped its airline to provide better customer service and more efficient operations. It also launched a carrier called Ted to compete with low-cost rivals for flights to some leisure destinations.
"It's important for United to act quickly to cut more on the cost side, including attacking what may be very sensitive issues, and then maybe consider reducing some capacity or possibly selling some of its assets," said Hyuk Park, an analyst at Unisys R2A Transportation Management Consultants in San Francisco.
Perhaps the most sensitive issue for United is its underfunded pension plans, which many say the airline would need to pare to make itself attractive to an equity investor if it does not receive the government guarantee.
John Pincavage, a Westport, Conn.-based financial adviser to airlines, said it is unlikely that the government would tell United exactly where it needed to make cuts.
"They might ask for a cut, period, of some size and let United figure out where they get it," he said.
"Ideally, you'd make yourself attractive enough to get the loan guarantee, but not so attractive that you get turned down, and I don't know where that line is," Pincavage said.
The board already acknowledged in its letter of denial Thursday that United is in better shape than it was when the board turned it away for a similar guarantee in December 2002, saying the airline's business plan was not viable.
The board, which was formed to aid airlines after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, denied the second request because it believes "the likelihood of United succeeding without a loan guarantee is sufficiently high so as to make a loan guarantee unnecessary."
United remains tight-lipped about what changes it plans to make to sway the board.
"We believe there are enhancements to our application that the board was not aware of when they made their decision," United Chief Financial Officer Jake Brace told reporters Friday after the bankruptcy court hearing in Chicago.
U.S. Bankruptcy Judge Eugene Wedoff granted United's request for more time to file its reorganization plan, from June 30 to July 30, and said he would consider a further extension next month.
The airline initially had asked for a three-month extension but changed its request to 30 days on Friday, citing the loan board's decision. In past months when the airline requested extensions, it was unclear when the board might act.
Although there is much talk of further cuts at United, its unions took a wait-and-see approach with members on Friday.
"We do not know at this time what changes may be made to the application or if they may affect United's employees," the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers wrote to its 27,000 United members.
"You can expect to hear rumors and read analyst predictions in the press. I urge you not to believe anything you hear unless it comes from your union," the note said.