His guerrilla force — one of about a dozen on the islands — also gathered intelligence and conducted "counter-propaganda" efforts, including publishing a newsletter. They fanned Filipinos' hopes for liberation by distributing packs of cigarettes and chocolates sent by MacArthur's staff printed with his famous last words: "I will return."
Edwin Price Ramsey was born May 9, 1917, in Carlisle, Ill., and grew up in Kansas. His father hanged himself in jail after being arrested on suspicion of battering his wife. His mother, a dermatologist who later ran her own clinic, raised Ramsey and his older sister, one of the first female pilots to deliver the U.S. mail.
A rambunctious teenager, Ramsey was sent to the Oklahoma Military Academy, where his love of horses found an outlet on the polo team. He went on to the University of Oklahoma, which had a horse artillery unit, but left to join the Army in 1941.
After the war, he returned to the university for a law degree and worked in Japan for Hughes Aircraft as vice president of its Far East division. According to his son, Ramsey helped Hughes secure a contract to build the satellite that broadcast the 1964 Summer Olympics from Tokyo to the world. He became friends with several Japanese military leaders involved in the bombing of Pearl Harbor, including Minoru Genda, the Japanese naval commander who planned the attack.
Ramsey later ran electronics and consulting firms in Taiwan and the Philippines until retiring to Los Angeles in the 1990s.
His first marriage, to Madeleine Willoquet, ended in divorce in the late 1970s. He is survived by his second wife, Raquel Ramirez; four children from his first marriage, Edwin Jr., Douglas, Michele and Janine; four grandchildren and three great-grandchildren.
Ramsey often said he didn't expect to survive the war. And although he played an important role in the victory, he was loath to take much credit.
"I look back and think of myself as a soldier, not as a hero," he told a reporter from British Columbia in 2001. "I just had a temperament that made it impossible for me to surrender."