He taught literature, worked as a freelance journalist and published a novel before becoming a film critic. He also launched his own film magazine, Gazette du Cinema, with Godard and Rivette; and collaborated with Chabrol on a book examining the films of Alfred Hitchcock. And he served as editor in chief of Cahiers du Cinema from the late 1950s to 1963.
As a filmmaker known for using a tiny crew and minimal lighting, Rohmer has been described as being "fast and cheap."
"It's not a question of money," he told the London newspaper the Guardian in 1996. "It's also because my films are better that way. I can get closer to real life if they have a lightness of touch.
"I must admit that the fact that my films are cheap means I don't have to rely too much on box-office success, but it also allows me to film in places where you just couldn't take a huge film crew."
In 2001, Rohmer received a Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival for his body of work.
His most recent film, "The Romance of Astrea and Celadon," was released in 2007.
A complete list of his surviving family members was not available, but they reportedly include his younger brother, philosopher Rene Scherer and his son, journalist, Rene Monzat.
Devorah Lauter, a special correspondent in Paris, contributed to this report.