Name: Drawn from several historic ships including
's exploring Hudson Bay in the 1600s and James Cook's exploring South Pacific in the 1770s, discovering Hawaiian Islands.
Figures: Third shuttle commissioned, following Columbia and Challenger. Mission STS-133 will be its 39th and last, most of any shuttle. Will have carried 252 crew members, most. Orbited Earth 5,628 times, going 143 million miles. Highest shuttle orbit, 360 miles.
Highlights: Launched Hubble Space Telescope. Fixed Hubble Space Telescope. Carried two U.S. Senators into space, Jake Garn and John Glenn. Flew both "return to flight" missions, following Challenger and Columbia disasters.
Notable astronauts: Charlie Bolden (
administrator,) Michael Coats (director of Johnson Space Center,) Eileen Collins, Jake Garn, John Glenn, Rick Husband,
, Sergie Krikalev, Tom Mattingly, Story Musgrave,
, Judith Resnick.
Aug. 30, 1984: Maiden flight, launched three satellites.
April 12, 1985: Carried U.S. Sen. Jake Garn (R-
) into space.
Sept. 29, 1988: Return to flight mission after 1986 Challenger disaster.
April 24, 1990: Delivered Hubble Space Telescope to orbit.
Oct. 10, 1990: Delivered Ulysses spacecraft to explore Sun.
Feb. 3, 1994: Carried first Russian cosmonaut, Sergei Krikalev, on U.S. shuttle.
Feb. 3, 1995: First female shuttle pilot, Eileen Collins.
Feb. 11, 1997: Fixed Hubble Space Telescope.
Oct. 29, 1998: Carried U.S. Sen. John Glenn (D-
) in his return to space.
May 27, 1999: First shuttle docking to the International Space Station.
July 26, 2005: Return to flight mission after 2003 Columbia disaster.