Iva Toguri, convicted as Tokyo Rose, Sept. 26 Trapped while visiting Japan at the start of World War II, U.S. citizen Iva Toguri became known to millions by a radio handle she never used: Tokyo Rose, whose broadcasts were meant to demoralize American servicemen fighting in the Pacific. But there was one problem: A single Tokyo Rose didn't exist. U.S. servicemen branded any English-speaking female radio broadcaster of Japanese propaganda with the name, and there were at least a dozen. Forces under Gen. Douglas MacArthur's command and the U.S. Justice Department independently concluded that Toguri had committed no crime. Yet the Los Angeles native was the only Tokyo Rose prosecuted. She was convicted of treason in 1949 and spent six years in prison. Two decades later, journalists revisited her story and helped clear her name, painting her as a victim of racism and wartime hysteria. "They wound up prosecuting the myth instead of the person," said Bill Kurtis of CBS. Toguri, who received a presidential pardon in 1977, died on Tuesday, Sept. 26, 2006, in Chicago. She was 90. She is shown here in 1946.
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