To O's, ephedrine use still deemed a tossup
Some players undeterred about taking stimulant, even after Bechler's death; Riley: 'It's just not worth' risk; Common sense should be guide, defenders say; 'you've got to read
A memorial of Steve Bechler was displayed in the spring training clubhouse for a service attended by his family and the Orioles. (Sun photo by Gene Sweeney Jr. / February 19, 2003)
Riley knew Xenadrine was legal, but he knew the team frowned upon its use, and something told him to protect his good friend's reputation just in case.
"I don't know who got the bottle, but it was in the training room, and they handed it to me," Riley said yesterday. "I looked at it and I flipped it into the garbage, not thinking about the consequences of what it might cause.
"The last thing I thought was that my friend was going to die."
Bechler suffered heatstroke during Sunday's practice and died less than 24 hours later, after his body temperature peaked at 108 degrees. In his preliminary autopsy report, Broward County's chief medical examiner, Dr. Joshua Perper, linked Bechler's death to the use of Xenadrine.
After a couple days to reflect, Riley's voice was still strained yesterday, but he pulled no punches when asked if it was time for baseball to ban ephedrine, a stimulant found in Xenadrine and other over-the-counter dietary supplements.
"When you lose a good friend such as Steve, it's just not worth it," Riley said. "If you need energy, just get energy from food or something, not from supplements. I mean, how many more athletes have to go down before we learn? The NFL banned it, why can't we?"
The NFL banned ephedrine after the death of Minnesota Vikings lineman Korey Stringer, who had dietary supplements in his locker when he suffered heatstroke and died in August 2001. The NCAA and International Olympic Committee also prohibit use of the drug. Major League Baseball does not.
The Orioles have their own policy toward ephedrine: "We don't supply it, we don't condone it, and we educate players against using it," said Jim Beattie, the club's executive vice president for baseball operations.
Still, the Orioles' clubhouse remained divided yesterday over whether baseball should ban ephedrine. Some players said they will continue to use it, even after Bechler's death. Others said they will fight adamantly against it.
"Would I still consider using it? Probably," said Orioles catcher Brook Fordyce. "It has no ill effect on me that I know of, and I use it safely. So if I was tired, I probably would take one, like if we had a day game after a night game.
"I'm not afraid of it."
Like Fordyce, Orioles second baseman Jerry Hairston doesn't use supplements with ephedrine to lose weight. They use it for a boost, popping a capsule the way the average worker throws back a cup of coffee.
"I've taken one [capsule with ephedrine] before a game," Hairston said. "I use it for energy, and only when I feel a little tired. With coffee, you get that quick burst, but then you have a down time. With [ephedrine], the [energy] lasts a little longer. But I only take one every once in a while.
"If you play every night, you need something."
Orioles right fielder Jay Gibbons said he used a dietary supplement containing ephedrine to help drop about 15 pounds before the 2002 season. This past winter, he was trying to maintain his weight, so he didn't use it.
Gibbons said using ephedrine is safe, as long as people are careful to follow the warning labels. In Bechler's case, the medical examiner pointed to other fatal factors. Bechler had a history of borderline hypertension, liver abnormalities, and had little solid food in his digestive tract, probably from a diet. With little else to absorb the ephedrine, a stimulant would have gone right into his bloodstream.
Perper's findings won't become official until the toxicology results return, and that will take two to three weeks. Other Orioles will be interested in those results because, for now, many consider ephedrine acceptable.
"I used it in college a little bit and even in pro ball," Gibbons said. "It's a good supplement if taken right. I've never had any problems with it. I've never had any dizziness with it. It's just like caffeine. If you take 20 caffeine pills, you're going to be in trouble. You've got to be careful; you've got to read the labels."