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Otto Preminger
German emigres' effect on U.S. cinema saluted
German emigres' effect on U.S. cinema saluted

The United States was a relatively provincial country in the 1930s, and the films coming out of Hollywood reflected this lack of sophistication, even though it was the glamorous center of the movie production world. But the intellectual atmosphere began to percolate late in that decade with the arrival of German emigre writers, directors, producers, actors, composers and literati who had fled the Nazis. "That influx of what was literally hundreds and hundreds of these middle-European intellectuals, it changed this town," said Jan-Christopher Horak, director of the UCLA Film & Television Archive. Their arrival, said Horak, "changed not just the film industry and the...