One important factor, however, has changed: the price.
As of mid-January, 1 euro cost about $1.30 — 55% more than in September 2002, when you could buy a euro for a record low of 84 cents. One British pound now costs about $1.85 — a 28.5% increase over three years ago.
More than the fear of terrorism, hassles at airports and anti-American sentiment over the war in Iraq, the diminished buying power of the dollar is discouraging travel to Europe in 2005.
Some economists predict it will keep sliding, possibly bottoming out at $1.40 to a euro before the year is out.
So, while Europeans stream to the U.S., where their money goes far, Americans have to think long and hard before buying a plane ticket across the pond and booking a room in one of the more expensive European capitals.
"I remember when $50 for a double room was the absolute maximum for a listing in one of my guidebooks," said Rick Steves, author of "Europe Through the Back Door." "Today, if I can find one for under $100, I'm pleased."
Despite the bleak economics, there are indications that when Europe beckons, Americans will not be deterred. Tourism from the U.S. to Europe rose 20% last year, according to the European Travel Commission, a nonprofit agency with headquarters in Brussels, and no slowdown has occurred so far this year.
American tour companies such as Maupintour and Globus-Cosmos report banner bookings in some categories this year, and Ray Lampard, co-founder of RothRay, a vacation apartment rental firm in Paris that caters to Americans, said demand is at its strongest in 20 years.
Travelers intent on visiting Europe this year will have to swallow hard and pay more or lower their standards, booking rooms at moderately priced mom-and-pop hotels instead of the Ritz.
But a few good values — if not bargains — are still available. The European Travel Commission reported that airlines were cutting business-class fares to Europe by up to 75%, which means a seat at the front of the plane might be within reach.
Deluxe European cruises on high-end lines such as Crystal and Radisson Seven Seas look like a good buy to Priscilla Alexander, president and founder of Protravel International Inc., a New York-based agency that specializes in high-end and corporate travel.
"That's where the value is," she said. "The per-day price is comparable to the rate at a four- or five-star hotel in Italy, but food and transportation are included."
Alexander predicted that travelers at the high and low ends would travel to Europe this year regardless of the plummeting dollar but that those in the middle might be put off. People seeking to spend $200 to $300 a day in Europe will need to adopt some of the dollar-stretching strategies long practiced by budget travelers.
Now more than ever, it pays to plan, watch newspaper ads and check airline websites for low airfares and package deals. Locking in reasonable prices for big-ticket items such as transportation and accommodations helps take the sting out of daily expenses in Europe, where the cost of incidentals — coffee, city maps, taxis — makes you feel as if you have a hole in your pocket.
Three general strategies can help make Europe more affordable this year:
Travel off-peak: From October to April, airfares and hotel rates fall to a fraction of what they are the rest of the year.