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John F. Kennedy
100 years after World War I, what have we learned?
100 years after World War I, what have we learned?

In October 1962, in the midst of the nuclear confrontation with the Soviet Union that would eventually become known as the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Joint Chiefs of Staff unanimously recommended to President Kennedy that he order an attack on the island presided over by Moscow’s proxy, Fidel Castro. U.S. intelligence had discovered that Russian military officers were leading the installation of a nuclear weapons site there, which Kennedy considered an intolerable security threat. But, despite the gravity of the threat and the humiliation of the Bay of Pigs incident the previous year, Kennedy was wary of such a strike. One reason was that he had just read “The Guns of...

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