In his 2013 book, “Happy City,” urban theorist Charles Montgomery argues that car-dependent suburban sprawl makes people feel isolated and unhappy, and that a well-designed city is one that enables people to live connected lives.
“The most important psychological effect of the city is the way in which it moderates our relationships with other people," he writes. Densely populated cities that encourage people to walk or take public transportation and offer a mix of housing types enable more personal interaction and thus, human contact.
Bluntly put, Los Angeles’ sprawl doesn’t do it any favors in the happy department. The city’s iconic...
The L.A. County Metropolitan Transportation Authority says it will face a $36-million operating budget shortfall in 2016 that will grow if fares are not raised. Above, a Metro bus near Culver City in 2012.