A statue of Swedish inventor of dynamite Alfred Nobel presides over Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. Nobel died in 1896, leaving his fortune to create the Nobel Prizes, honoring those who make contributions to humanity's well-being. It is ironic, in a way: After his family moved to Russia, his father founded an explosives factory, and it was in that field that Alfred Nobel made his fortune. A French newspaper once called him the "merchant of death," and many speculate that moniker may have led him to create the peace prize.
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