The Rev. Martin
Luther King Jr.
Social activist, pastor
Born: Jan. 15, 1929, in Atlanta
Died: Assassinated April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tenn.
Accomplishments: Led U.S. civil-rights movement. Emerged as a force in 1955, with the Montgomery, Ala., bus boycott. A founder of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, 1957. Led the March on Washington, 1963. Nobel Prize, 1964.
President, diplomat, author
Born: Oct. 1, 1924, in Plains, Ga.
Accomplishments: 39th president of the United States (1977 to 1981) in a term marked by unstable economic conditions, including rising inflation and unemployment, at home and a diplomatic crisis in Iran. Lost to Ronald Reagan after one term and became known for international diplomacy in such hot spots as North Korea and Haiti. Nobel Prize, 2002.
Tibetan spiritual leader
Born: 1935, Qinghai province, in what is now China.
Accomplishments: 14th Dalai Lama, became head of state in 1950, fled to India in 1959 when Chinese sent troops to stop an uprising. Nobel Prize, 1989. In October, received the Congressional Gold Medal. President Bush called him a "man of peace and reconciliation"; China said the honor undermined U.S.-China relations.Copyright © 2015, Los Angeles Times