Here are selected strategies and companies that may help:
Airlines fill unsold seats by selling them at discounts to a wholesaler, which passes some of the savings to consumers. Discounts can vary by route, season and flight time, among other factors. You usually will save the most if you are looking for a seat at the last minute or in high season. Many consolidators specialize in a destination, say Latin America or India.
The discounts come at a steep price: Tickets often can't be returned, changed or exchanged, and in some cases you won't get frequent-flier miles. Customer service can also be a problem. Often you can find consolidators' ads in newspaper travel sections. To make sure you are dealing with a reputable company, look for a California Seller of Travel number or check if the company is a member of the American Society of Travel Agents, which lists members at
Air Brokers International, 685 Market St., Suite 400, San Francisco, CA 94105; (800) 883-3273, fax (415) 836-8719,
Cheap Seats Travel, 19351 Londelius St., Northridge, CA 91324; (818) 717-8490, fax (818) 717-8873,
Flight Centre, various locations in the Los Angeles area; (877) 967-5347,
TFI Tours International, 34 W. 32nd St., 12th Floor, New York, NY 10001; (800) 745-8000 or (212) 736-1140, fax (212) 564-4081,
These are best for solo fliers and those flexible with their time. The number of companies offering courier flights has dwindled, and the deals aren't as good as they once were. In some cases, consolidators can meet or beat courier prices.
The system usually works like this: A cargo company buys a passenger seat to send a shipment overseas as checked baggage because it can clear customs faster. Then the company sells the seat at a discount to a passenger willing to give up his or her baggage allotment and fly only with carry-on luggage. The discount depends on routes, time of year and how quickly the cargo needs to arrive.
Some organizations with a line on available flights and other discount services for dues-paying members:
Air Courier Assn., 350 Indiana St., Suite 300, Golden, CO 80401; (800) 282-1202, fax (303) 278-1293,
Courier Travel Inc., P.O. Box 3051, Nederland, CO 80466; (866) 470-3061, fax (313) 625-6106,
International Assn. of Air Travel Couriers, P.O. Box 847, Scottsbluff, NE 69363; (308) 632-3273, fax (308) 632-8267,
Jupiter Global, Suite 3002, 30/F, Tower Six, the Gateway, Harbour City, Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong; in the Bay Area, (650) 635-1700, Ext. 216; fax (650) 635-7363,
This is like flying standby. You buy a voucher for a flight between two regions during a time period you specify, often between three and five days. In return for the steeply discounted price, you may not be able to specify a departure airport or your arrival airport, and you may have to wait at the airport for a seat to open up. But the company will get you from, say, Southern California to Hawaii or from the Northeastern U.S. to Europe.
Under another category, called "space available confirmed," you can reserve a seat 24 to 48 hours before your departure.
Among the companies specializing in space-available flights:
AirHitch, 481 8th Ave., Suite 1771, New York, NY 10001; (212) 736-0505, fax (212) 736-2062,
Air-Tech, 588 Broadway, Suite 204, New York, NY 10012; (212) 219-7000, fax (212) 219-0066,