GOLDENDALE, Wash. - Sam Hill, an entrepreneur and businessman, didn't live to see his Eastern Washington hilltop mansion completed as the Maryhill Museum of Art in 1940. But he likely would have been just fine with a recently completed $10 million expansion of the museum.
New outdoor spaces offering sweeping views of the Columbia River Gorge are what visitors will notice most about the Mary & Bruce Stevenson addition to Hill's 1914
Beaux Arts-style mansion.
The centerpiece of the contemporary new wing is the Cannon Power Plaza, a grand outdoor Columbia River viewpoint that was previously used as a parking lot. As president of the Washington State Good Roads Association, Hill, who died in 1931, promoted the idea of building highways, but the view is one he would likely have favored saving for people rather than cars.
Intentionally designed not to be seen from key vantage points is an airy new glass-enclosed pavilion connecting the new wing to an entryway and gallery space in the original building. Credit an architectural sleight-of-hand. From Interstate 84 on the Oregon side of the river and Highway 14, a scenic Washington state route that skirts the Columbia River, the mansion appears to be still sitting alone on a hillside, the way everyone who has ever passed this way remembers.
"From an architectural point of view, the addition had to be quiet and respectful of the old building," says architect Gene Callan of Portland's GBD Architects.
"The challenge was, 'How are we going to essentially double the size of the museum and not take away from the existing building and take advantage of the famous Columbia River view?'"
Nearly half the new space is underground, below the plaza and the pavilion, in an area carved into the hillside for use as an art-education center, offices, collection-storage areas and a small gallery space. The most striking feature is the Broughton & Mary Bishop Family Terrace, a second overlook, incorporating outdoor-cafe seating and a small amphitheater.
"It gives you a chance to just sit there and absorb a number of elements down below that you could never really see before," says Callan.
From this lower vantage point, visitors look down on vineyards and a geological mound called Sugarloaf. There's Miller Island, part of the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area, and a lagoon where Callan, who grew up in Goldendale and was married on the grounds of Maryhill, remembers water-skiing.
To the west is snow-covered Mount Hood. To the east is a life-size replica of Stonehenge that Hill built as a memorial to local men who died in World War I.
Maryhill's executive director Colleen Schafroth calls it "the best new view in the Columbia River Gorge."
Sam Hill, born a Quaker, first dreamed of establishing a Quaker community on his 5,300 acres of land around Goldendale. When that failed to materialize, he followed the advice of a group of well-connected friends who suggested he turn the mansion into an art museum.
Among the influential patrons were Loie Fuller, a pioneer of Parisian modern dance; Queen Marie of
, the granddaughter of Great
Queen Victoria; and Alma de Bretteville Spreckels, the wife of San Francisco sugar baron Adolf Spreckels.
Fuller helped obtain a collection of more than 80 works by her friend, French sculptor
From Queen Marie of Romania came Orthodox icons, furniture and a crown studded with amethysts, turquoise and rubies.
A 1957 exhibit curated by the museum's director Clifford Dolph led to the creation of a permanent exhibit of 100 international chess sets.
It wasn't long before Maryhill outgrew its eclectic collection of American, European and American Indian art.
The 40,000 to 50,000 visitors who tour the museum every year see only about 10 percent of the museum's treasurers, says Steven Grafe, curator of art. The rest is in storage. Some works, such as a collection of art nouveau glass by French artist Emile Galle, are displayed in hallway nooks labeled "visible storage."
Although the new wing contains a surprisingly small amount of new gallery space - the Laura and John Cheney Gallery on the pavilion level and a small display area on the terrace level - it frees up room in the main house for bigger and better displays of the permanent collection.
"The goal is to completely revamp all the permanent exhibits," says Grafe. It's a project that will require hiring consultants and designers, and depend on grant funding, so there's not timetable as yet.In the meantime, visitors anxious to experience more of what's new will want to explore more than 11,000 square feet of outdoor-interpretive space added near the front and side of the mansion for displays of contemporary-sculpture pieces. Among the works is "Roll & Play," a newly acquired yellow flame-cut steel piece by Portland artist Alsia Looney, set in the middle of the plaza.Talk of expanding Maryhill began in 1993, says Schafroth. At the time, Mary Hoyt Stevenson a longtime supporter who died in 2008, donated money for much-needed building maintenance, "but what she really wanted to see was a new wing."
A $2.6 million gift/bequest from Stevenson for the expansion kicked off a fundraising campaign that included a $1.5 million grant from the Washington state Building for the Arts program.
The idea of attaching a modern pavilion to the 72-year-old house that many locals remember as being unchanged from their childhood days wasn't without controversy.
"There were a few people locally who felt we were committing a crime by doing this," says curator Grafe. "I think they have to come visit it to make up their minds."
IF YOU GO:
WHERE: Maryhill Museum of Art overlooks the Columbia River in Goldendale, Wash., about 225 miles southeast of Seattle via Interstate 90 and Highway 97, or 260 miles via Interstate 5 and Washington's Highway 14.
Nearby hotels include the Quality Inn in Goldendale ((
) and Celilo Inn, 24 miles west in The Dalles, Ore. ((
). There are other lodging options 50 miles west in Hood River, Ore. Camping is an option at Maryhill and Columbia Hills state parks ((
-On exhibit through Nov. 15 in the new Mary and Bruce Stevenson Wing's pavilion-level Laura and John Cheney Gallery are ceramics from the permanent collection, including Romanian folk pottery and art-deco ceramics by Russian sculptor Seraphin Soudbinine, Rodin's chief stone carver.
-Hanging in new gallery space on the terrace level are a dozen British paintings from the permanent collection, most of which have not been displayed in recent years.
-Starting Sept. 15, Maryhill will host a special exhibit by David Hockney called "Six Fairy Tales," a compilation of 39 etchings and texts interpreting Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm's fairy tales.
While in the area, plan to visit:
The Stonehenge Memorial, three miles east of Maryhill. Sam Hill built (it was completed in 1929) a replica of Britain's 3,000-year-old Stonehenge in honor of the war dead of Klickitat County. Open 7 a.m.-dusk. Free admission.
Local wineries: The Maryhill Winery and tasting room is just west of Maryhill Museum on Highway 14. Picnic areas and scenic views from the outdoor terrace. See
for information on other wineries nearby.
Goldendale Observatory State Park, a five-acre facility housing one of the nation's largest public telescopes. Free admission. See
Maryhill Museum: See
or call 509-773-3733. The museum is open 10 a.m.-5 p.m. daily through Nov. 15. Admission is $9 for adults, $8 for seniors and $3 for youth 7-18. Admission is free to the grounds and sculpture garden.
Tourism information: Contact the Greater Goldendale Chamber of Commerce at 509-773-3400 or see
. See also the website for Columbia River Gorge Visitors Association ((