China said Thursday it is entitled to keep watch over airspace and seas surrounding artificial islands it created in the disputed waters of the South China Sea after a reported exchange in which its navy warned off a U.S. surveillance plane.
The comments came as the Chinese air force announced its latest offshore training exercises in the western Pacific as part of the military's efforts to boost its combat preparedness. An air force spokesman said that followed an initial offshore drill held last month and that future such exercises would probably be planned.
Speaking at a regular daily briefing, Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei reiterated Beijing's insistence on its indisputable sovereignty over the islands it has created by piling sand on top of atolls and reefs.
While saying he had no information about the reported exchange, Hong said China was “entitled to the surveillance over related airspace and sea areas so as to maintain national security and avoid any maritime accidents.
“We hope relevant countries respect China's sovereignty over the South China Sea, abandon actions that may intensify controversies and play a constructive role for regional peace and stability,” Hong said.
A news crew from CNN reported it witnessed an incident Wednesday in which a Chinese navy dispatcher demanded eight times that a U.S. Air Force P8-A Poseidon surveillance aircraft leave the area as it flew over Fiery Cross Reef, where China has conducted extensive reclamation work. It said the U.S. crew responded that they were flying through international airspace, to which the Chinese dispatcher answered: “This is the Chinese navy … You go!”
CNN said it was given exclusive permission to board the surveillance flight because the U.S. wants to raise awareness of China's island-building project. It also said it was the first time that the Pentagon had declassified audio of the Chinese making such challenges.
China's construction has intensified frictions among competing parties in the South China Sea, which Beijing claims virtually in its entirety along with its scattered island groups. The area, which is home to some of the world's busiest commercial shipping routes, is also claimed in part or in whole by the Philippines, Taiwan, Brunei, Malaysia and Vietnam.
The U.S. and most of the 10 members of the Assn. of Southeast Asian Nations want a halt to the projects, which they suspect are aimed at building islands and other land features over which China can claim sovereignty and base military assets.
The U.S. says it takes no position on the sovereignty claims but insists they must be negotiated. Washington also says ensuring maritime safety and access is a U.S. national security priority.
China is also at odds with Japan over ownership of a group of uninhabited islands in the East China Sea that are controlled by Tokyo but also claimed by Beijing, leading to increased activity by Chinese planes and ships in the area, which lies between Taiwan and Okinawa.
Each side has accused the other of operating dangerously, prompting fears of an incident such as the 2001 collision between a Chinese fighter jet and a U.S. surveillance plane in which the Chinese pilot was killed and the American crew detained on China's Hainan island.
Chinese air force spokesman Shen Jinke said that Thursday's exercises were held in international airspace but gave no specifics. In its report on the drills, state broadcaster CCTV showed a video of Xian H-6 twin-engine bombers, a Chinese version of Russia's Tupelov Tu-16, in flight and landing at an air base, although it wasn't clear when the video was shot.
Along with the longstanding island dispute, China raised tensions in November 2013 when it declared an air defense identification zone over a large swath of the East China Sea that would require foreign aircraft to announce their flight plans and follow Chinese instructions.
The zone was immediately denounced by Japan, the U.S. and others, and the U.S. Air Force mounted an immediate challenge by flying a pair of B-52 bombers through it unannounced.