— The Libyan intelligence officer convicted in the 1988 bombing of an American airliner over
, Scotland, died at home here Sunday nearly three years after passions around the case were reawakened when he was freed on compassionate grounds because of what was reported as advanced
, 60, became a symbol of state-sponsored terrorism under the late Libyan dictator
. Megrahi repeatedly denied a role in the downing of Pan Am Flight 103, which killed 270 people, including 189 Americans, and led to Libya's further isolation as a rogue state.
Diminished and purportedly close to death, Megrahi was freed from custody by Scotland in 2009 on humanitarian grounds. The gesture was scorned by the families of victims and condemned by Western leaders, including
The release was seen as part of a deal for Kadafi to steer oil and gas contracts to
. British and Scottish officials have denied the accusation.
Megrahi returned to Tripoli to a hero's welcome as Kadafi, a master of intrigue and theatrics, finessed the homecoming into a propaganda ploy. International bitterness around the release intensified as months and years went by and Megrahi appeared to outlast his fatal illness. News about his fate persisted through
last year and Kadafi's demise at the hands of rebels.
"We want to see justice for the victims of the
and their families. We will continue working with our new partners in Libya toward a full accounting of Kadafi's horrific acts,"
National Security Council spokesman Tommy Vietor said Sunday.
Word of Megrahi's death spread slowly in Libya, now caught in a struggle between tribes and factions over the nation's shaky future. Megrahi had long been regarded as a curiosity and a scapegoat, a man with curly black hair, big sunglasses and at one time a $4-million ransom on his head for the deadliest terrorist act in British history.
"All Libyans know his face, but no Libyan really knows him," said 25-year-old Arafa Mohammed, who works at a restaurant near Megrahi's home. "We do not know what he has or has not done. It is a mystery."
With both Kadafi and Megrahi dead, it is unlikely that a precise picture will emerge of the full details of the attack. Other perpetrators are believed still at large in a crime that scattered wreckage and bodies across Scotland and spawned an investigation that stretched from Malta to Iran. Libya endured years of sanctions for refusing to extradite Megrahi in 1991.
Megrahi and codefendant Lamen Khalifa Fhimah were eventually tried in the Netherlands. Fhimah was acquitted.
Megrahi was found guilty in 2001 of masterminding the sneaking of a cassette player rigged with a bomb and hidden in a suitcase onto the plane. He was sentenced to life in prison but the case was marred by inconsistent evidence, sketchy witnesses and international pressure for a culprit.
"I am an innocent man," Megrahi, the only person convicted in the case, said in his last interview, published in several British papers in December. "I am about to die and I ask now to be left in peace with my family."
Relatives of Pan Am 103 victims said Sunday that Megrahi's death does not lessen the crime.
"Fine. He deserved to die," Susan Cohen of New Jersey, whose daughter, Theodora, died in the attack, told
. "He was a mass murderer. I feel no pity around him. He got to die with his family around him. My daughter, at age 20, died a brutal, horrible death."
Emotions were also raw in Tripoli. Ala Kirkara, 34, who runs a small street stall near Megrahi's home, said Megrahi was guilty and blamed him partially for Libya's problems. "Because of him, we had 10 years of sanctions," he said.
Another man, who asked not be named, said: "The guy is dead; his troubles are over. It's over now."