Los Angeles-based rock veterans Don Henley, Tom Petty, Bonnie Raitt and the Traveling Wilburys will compete with English soul band the Fine Young Cannibals in the album of the year category in the 32nd annual Grammy Awards.
The nominations were announced Thursday at a Beverly Hills press conference. Winners will be named in nationally televised ceremonies from the Shrine Auditorium on Feb. 21.
The album field consists of ex-Eagle Henley's sardonic "The End of the Innocence," rocker Petty's darkly humorous "Full Moon Fever," blueswoman Raitt's reflective "Nick of Time," the informal "supergroup" the Traveling Wilburys' good-natured "Volume One" and the Cannibals' soul-flavored "The Raw & the Cooked."
Henley, with his album's title track, and the Cannibals, with "She Drives Me Crazy," were also named in the record of the year category, along with Billy Joel's "We Didn't Start the Fire" Mike + the Mechanics' "The Living Years" and Bette Midler's "Wind Beneath My Wings."
Henley's "Innocence" was also named in the song and male rock vocal categories, giving him four nominations. Other artists with four nominations are Petty, Prince, Raitt, Dave Grusin and Mike + the Mechanics' Mike Rutherford. Triple nominees are five-time winner Joel, Fine Young Cannibals, Midler, Soul II Soul, Janet Jackson, Bruce Hornsby, Aretha Franklin, Miles Davis, BeBe Winans and James Levine.
While nominations in the two top categories generally followed industry predictions, there were some surprising absences, most notably Richard Marx, whose "Repeat Offender" album was one of 1989's biggest sellers and featured many mainstream textures often favored by Grammy voters. Others who had been widely touted for either album or single nominations included the Rolling Stones, Janet Jackson, Neneh Cherry and Paula Abdul.
The balloting is conducted among the 6,000 members of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. The eligibility period for the 32nd annual competition ran from Oct. 1, 1988 to Sept. 30, 1989.
The competitors for best song (a songwriter's award) are Henley and Bruce Hornsby ("The End of the Innocence"), Rutherford and Brian Robertson ("The Living Years"), Joel ("We Didn't Start the Fire"), Larry Henley and Jeff Silbar ("Wind Beneath My Wings") and the trio of Barry Mann, Cynthia Weil and Tom Snow ("Don't Know Much").
Competing against Soul II Soul (which had two other nominations) in the new-artist category are Neneh Cherry, Indigo Girls, Milli Vanilli and Tone Loc.
In other key categories, Joel and Prince are up against Michael Bolton, Richard Marx and Roy Orbison for male pop vocal, while Raitt and Midler will be challenged by Linda Ronstadt, Gloria Estefan and Paula Abdul for female pop vocal honors.
The finalists in the female rock vocal competition, along with Raitt, are Melissa Etheridge, Tina Turner, Cyndi Lauper and Pat Benatar. Vying with Henley for the male rock vocal award are Petty, Neil Young, Lou Reed and Joe Cocker.
In the rock group vocal category, U2 is nominated twice--for the album "Rattle and Hum" and for the single "When Love Comes to Town," a collaboration with B. B. King. The group's challengers are the Rolling Stones, the Traveling Wilburys and Living Colour.
The female R&B; vocal nominees are Vanessa Williams, Anita Baker, Natalie Cole, Janet Jackson and Aretha Franklin, while the contenders for the R&B; male vocal award are Prince, Bobby Brown, Al Jarreau, Luther Vandross and Smokey Robinson.
The finalists for best rap performance are Young MC, Public Enemy, Tone Loc, D. J. Jazzy Jeff and Fresh Prince and De La Soul.
In country, k.d. lang and the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band both received two nominations, lang for best country vocal and as co-writer of "Luck in My Eyes," and Dirt Band for best group vocal and vocal collaboration. Lang's competitors for female country vocal honors are Emmylou Harris, Rosanne Cash, Dolly Parton and Kathy Mattea. The challengers for the male country vocal award are Rodney Crowell, Keith Whitley, Randy Travis, Clint Black and Lyle Lovett.
Trumpeter Miles Davis is the leading nominee in jazz genre with three--for jazz fusion, solo jazz and big-band jazz performances. In the solo jazz category, he'll be vying with Andre Previn, John Patitucci, Wynton Marsalis and Chick Corea. For the jazz group instrumental award, it's brother against brother--Wynton vs. Branford Marsalis. Previn, for his "After Hours" album was also nominated in this category, along with the Yellowjackets and the Chick Corea Akoustic Band.
Both repertory and performers in the classical album category are more offbeat than usual, though sentimental voting might favor a valedictory award to Herbert von Karajan and the Vienna Symphony for their Bruckner Eighth Symphony.
The nominees also include the Gerard Schwarz/Seattle Symphony disc of Howard Hanson symphonies and the Emerson Quartet's Bartok set (both up in two other categories as well), and the Christoph von Dohnanyi/Garrick Ohlsson/Cleveland Orchestra version of Busoni's Piano Concerto and the James Levine/Metropolitan Opera recording of "Die Walkure," each with one other nomination.
The Robert Shaw Grammy machine in Atlanta has a recording of Britten's "War Requiem" on the ticket in two categories.
John Henken contributed to this article.
The Full List
The Grammy nominees:
Album: "The End of the Innocence," Don Henley. "Full Moon Fever," Tom Petty. "Nick of Time," Bonnie Raitt. "The Raw & the Cooked," Fine Young Cannibals. "Volume One," Traveling Wilburys.
Record: "She Drives Me Crazy," Fine Young Cannibals. "The End of the Innocence," Don Henley. "We Didn't Start the Fire," Billy Joel. "Wind Beneath My Wings," Bette Midler. "The Living Years," Mike + the Mechanics.
Song: "Don't Know Much," Barry Mann, Cynthia Weil and Tom Snow. "The End of the Innocence," Don Henley and Bruce R. Hornsby. "The Living Years," Mike Rutherford and Brian A. Robertson. "We Didn't Start the Fire," Billy Joel. "Wind Beneath My Wings," Larry Henley and Jeff Silbar.
New Artist: Neneh Cherry. Indigo Girls. Milli Vanilli. Soul II Soul. Tone Loc.
Female Pop Vocal: "Cry Like a Rainstorm--Howl Like the Wind," Linda Ronstadt. "Don't Wanna Lose You," Gloria Estefan. "Nick of Time," Bonnie Raitt. "Straight Up," Paula Abdul. "Wind Beneath My Wings," Bette Midler.
Male Pop Vocal: "Batman--Motion Picture Sound Track," Prince. "How Am I Supposed to Live Without You," Michael Bolton. "Right Here Waiting," Richard Marx. "We Didn't Start the Fire," Billy Joel. "You Got It," Roy Orbison.
Pop Vocal by Duo or Group: "Don't Know Much," Linda Ronstadt and Aaron Neville. "If You Don't Know Me by Now," Simply Red. "Love Shack," The B-52's. "She Drives Me Crazy," Fine Young Cannibals. "The Living Years," Mike the Mechanics.
Pop Instrumental: "Breadline Blues," Kenny G. "Dancing With the Lion," Andreas Vollenweider. "Healing Chant," Neville Brothers. "Late Night," Paul Shaffer. "Whispers and Promises," Earl Klugh.
Female Rock Vocal: "Brave and Crazy," Melissa Etheridge. "Foreign Affair," Tina Turner. "I Drove All Night," Cyndi Lauper. "Let's Stay Together," Pat Benatar. "Nick of Time," Bonnie Raitt.
Male Rock Vocal: "The End of the Innocence," Don Henley. "Free Fallin'," Tom Petty. "Freedom," Neil Young. "New York," Lou Reed. "When the Night Comes," Joe Cocker.
Rock Vocal by Duo or Group: "Glamour Boys," Living Colour. "Mixed Emotions," Rolling Stones. "Rattle and Hum," U2. "Traveling Wilburys, Volume One," Traveling Wilburys. "When Love Comes to Town," U2 with B.B. King.
Rock Instrumental: "The Crush of Love," Joe Satriani. "High Tension Wires," Steve Morse. "Jeff Beck's Guitar Shop with Terry Bozzio and Tony Hymas," Jeff Beck with Terry Bozzio and Tony Hymas. "A Piece of Time," Andy Summers. "Travis Walk," Stevie Ray Vaughan & Double Trouble.
Hard Rock: "Cult of Personality," Living Colour. "Dr. Feelgood," Motley Crue. "GN'R Lies," Guns N' Roses. "Love in an Eleveator," Aerosmith. "Once Bitten, Twice Shy," Great White.
Metal: "Beast from the East," Dokken. "I Don't Believe in Love," Queensryche. "One," Metallica. "The Real Thing," Faith No More. "Ultramega O.K.," Soundgarden.
Female R&B; Vocal: "Dreamin'," Vanessa Williams. "Giving You the Best That I Got," Anita Baker. "Good to Be Back," Natalie Cole. "Miss You Much," Janet Jackson. "Through the Storm," Aretha Franklin.
Male R&B; Vocal: "Batdance," Prince. "Every Little Step," Bobby Brown. "Heart's Horizon," Al Jarreau. "She Won't Talk to Me," Luther Vandross. "We've Saved the Best for Last," Smokey Robinson.
R&B; Vocal by Duo or Group: "Back to Life," Soul II Soul. "Celebrate New Life," BeBe & CeCe Winans. "Gimme Your Love," Aretha Franklin and James Brown. "It Isn't, It Wasn't, It Ain't Never Gonna Be," Aretha Franklin and Whitney Houston. "We Sing Praises," Deniece Williams and Natalie Cole.
R&B; Instrumental: "African Dance," Soul II Soul. "Bermuda Nights," Gerald Albright. "Constructive Criticism," Omar Hakim. "I Can't Get Enough of Your Love," Stix Hooper. "It's No Crime," Babyface.
R&B; Song: "Every Little Step," Bobby Brown. "If You Don't Know Me by Now," Simply Red. "Miss You Much," Janet Jackson. "Superwoman," Karyn White. "When a Man Loves a Woman," Joe Cocker.
Rap: "Bust a Move," Young M.C. "Fight the Power," Public Enemy. "Funky Cold Medina," Tone Loc. "I Think I Can Beat Mike Tyson," D.J. Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince. "Me Myself and I," De La Soul.
New Age: "Dancing With the Lion," Andreas Vollenweider. "Icarus," Paul Winter. "Orinoco Flow," Enya. "Passion--Music for the Last Temptation of Christ," Peter Gabriel. "Tibet," Mark Isham.
Jazz Fusion: "Amandla," Miles Davis. "Letter From Home," Pat Metheny Group. "On Solid Ground," Larry Carlton. "On the Corner," John Patitucci. "Real Life Story," Terri Lyne Carrington. "Spellbound," Joe Sample.
Female Jazz Vocal: Blues on Broadway," Ruth Brown. "The Christmas Song," Diane Schuur. "In a Mellow Tone," Anita O'Day. "Live in Paris," Dee Dee Bridgewater. "Short Stories," Janis Siegel.
Male Jazz Vocal: "At Last," Lou Rawls. "In a Sentimental Mood," Dr. John. "In Good Company," Joe Williams. "Tenderly," George Benson. "When Harry Met Sally," Harry Connick, Jr.
Jazz Vocal by Duo or Group: "Get the Booty," James Moody and Dizzy Gillespie. "Is You Is or Is You Ain't My Baby?" Joe Williams and Marlena Shaw. "Like the Whole World's Watching," Take 6. "Makin' Whoopee," Dr. John and Rickie Lee Jones. "Save the Bones for Henry Jones," Ray Charles and Lou Rawls.
Solo Jazz Instrumental: "After Hours," Andre Previn. "Aura," Miles Davis. "Bessie's Blues," John Patitucci. "The Majesty of the Blues," Wynton Marsalis. "Sophisticated Lady," Chick Corea.
Group Jazz Instrumental: "After Hours," Andre Previn. "Chick Corea Akoustic Band," Chick Corea Akoustic Band. "The Majesty of the Blues," Wynton Marsalis. "The Spin," Yellowjackets. "Trio Jeepy," Branford Marsalis.
Big Band Jazz Instrumental: "Aura," Miles Davis. "The Definitive Thad Jones," Mel Lewis Jazz Orchestra. "The Legend, the Legacy," Count Basie Orchestra. "Music Is my Mistress," Duke Ellington Orchestra. "Uptown/Downtown," McCoy Tyner Big Band.
Female Country Vocal: "Absolute Torch and Twang," k.d. lang. "Bluebird," Emmylou Harris. "I Don't Want to Spoil the Party," Rosanne Cash. "Why'd You Come in Here Lookin' Like That," Dolly Parton. "Willow in the Wind," Kathy Mattea.
Male Country Vocal: "After All This Time," Rodney Crowell. "I'm No Stranger to the Rain," Keith Whitley. "It's Just a Matter of Time," Randy Travis. "Killin' Time," Clint Black. "Lyle Lovett & His Large Band," Lyle Lovett.
Country Vocal by Duo or Group: "Big Dreams in a Small Town," Restless Heart. "Honky Tonk Heart," Highway 101. "She Don't Love Nobody," Desert Rose Band. "Will the Circle Be Unbroken Volume Two," Nitty Gritty Dirt Band. "Young Love," the Judds.
Country Vocal Collaboration: "Act Naturally," Buck Owens and Ringo Starr. "Sin City," Dwight Yoakam and k.d. lang. "There's a Tear in My Beer," Hank Williams Jr. and Hank Williams Sr. "Will the Circle Be Unbroken" Nitty Gritty Dirt Band with Johnny Cash, Roy Acuff, Ricky Skaggs, Levon Helm and Emmylou Harris. "You Ain't Going Nowhere," Chris Hillman and Roger McGuinn.
Country Instrumental: "All I Got Is Gone Away," John Hartford. "Amazing Grace," Randy Scruggs. "Big Foot," New Grass Revival. "Black and White Rag," Asleep at the Wheel. "If You've Got the Money (Honey I've Got the Time)," Jerry Douglas.
Bluegrass: "At the Old Schoolhouse," Johnson Mountain Boys. "Bill Monroe & the Bluegrass Boys Live at the Opry," Bill Monroe & the Bluegrass Boys. "Heartbreak Hotel," Doug Dillard Band. "Two Highways," Alison Krauss & Union Station. "The Valley Road," Bruce Hornsby and the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band.
Country Song: "After All This Time," Rodney Crowell. "A Better Man," Clint Black and Hayden Nicholas. "Luck In My Eyes," k.d. lang and Ben Mink. "She Don't Love Nobody," John Hiatt. "There's a Tear in My Beer," Hank Williams, Sr.
Female Gospel Vocal: "Be Thou My Vision," Debby Boone. "Don't Cry," CeCe Winans. "Forever Friends," Sandi Patti. "Healing," Deniece Williams. "Immigrant's Daughter," Margaret Becker. " 'Tis So Sweet to Trust in Jesus," Amy Grant.
Male Gospel Vocal: "Farther On," Russ Taff. "Feels Good to Be Forgiven," Eddie DeGarmo. "Holy, Holy, Holy," Michael W. Smith. "I Can Begin Again," Larnelle Harris. "A Love Like This," Wintley Phipps. "Meantime," BeBe Winans.
Gospel Vocal by Duo or Group: "Big World," Mylon & Broken Heart. "Heaven," BeBe and CeCe Winans. "O Sacred Head Now Wounded," First Call. "On Fire!," Petra. "The Savior is Waiting," Take 6.
Male/Female Soul Gospel Vocal: "As Long As We're Together," Al Green. "My Time Is Not Over," Albertina Walker. "Total Victory," Vickie Winans. "Wonderful," Beau Williams. "You Got a Choice to Make," Daniel Winans.
Soul Gospel Vocal by Duo, Group, Choir or Chorus: "And They Sang a Hymn," Minister Thomas Whitfield & the Thomas Whitfield Company. "Available to You," Rev. Milton Brunson & the Thompson Community Singers. "Can't Hold Back," L.A. Mass Choir. "Let Brotherly Love Continue," Daniel Winans & Choir. "Will You Be Ready?" Commissioned.
Latin Pop: "America," Miguel Gallardo. "Baila Mi Rumba," Jose Luis Rodriguez. "Chayanne," Chayanne. "Cielito Lindo," Jose Feliciano. "Suspiros," Dyango.
Tropical Latin: "Animation," Wilfrido Vargas. "Azucar," Eddie Palmieri. "Irresistible," Ray Barretto. "Ritmo En El Corazon," Celia Cruz & Ray Barretto. "Top Secrets/Altos Secretos," Willie Colon.
Mexican/American: "Amanecer," Peter Rubalcava. "Corridos Prohibidos," Los Tigres Del Norte. "Emilio Navaria & Rio Band," Emilio Navaria & Rio Band. "The Father of Tex-Mex Conjunto," Narciso Martinez. "La Pistola Y El Corazon," Los Lobos.
Traditional Blues: "Ginger Ale Afternoon," Willie Dixon. "The Healer," John Lee Hooker. "If I Can't Sell It, I'll Keep Sitting on It," Ruth Brown. "I'm in the Mood," John Lee Hooker and Bonnie Raitt. "Memphis Blues the Paris Sessions," Memphis Slim.
Contemporary Blues: "In Step," Stevie Ray Vaughan & Double Trouble. "King of the Blues: 1989," B.B. King. "Live from Austin," Delbert McClinton. "Midnight Run," Bobby (Blue) Bland. "Wang Dang Doodle," Koko Taylor.
Traditional Folk: "A La Veille Facon," the Cajun Tradition. "American Indian Dance Theatre," various American Indian tribes. "Blind Dog," Norman and Nancy Blake. "Le Mystere Des Voix Bulgares, Volume II," Bulgarian State Female Vocal Choir. "Now That's a Good Tune," Masters of Traditional Missouri Fiddling.
Contemporary Folk: "Bamboleo," Gipsy Kings. "Bayou Cadillac," Beausoleil. "Crossroads," Tracy Chapman. "Indigo Girls," Indigo Girls. "Old Friends," Guy Clark.
Polka: "All in My Love for You," Jimmy Sturr & his Orchestra. "Any Time Is Polka Time," Walter Ostanek & His Band. "Moldie Oldie Golden Goodies," Gene Mendalski & the G-Men. "Penn Ohio Polka Pals Souvenir Edition," Penn Ohio Polka Pals. "Polkaholic," Gordon Hartmann.
Reggae: "I.D." The Wailers Band. "Liberation," Bunny Wailer. "Live in Paris," Burning Spear. "One Bright Day," Ziggy Marley & the Melody Makers. "Serious Business," Third World.
Children: "Bullfrogs & Butterflies--I've Been Born Again," various artists. "A Disney Spectacular," Cincinnati Pops Orchestra conducted by Erich Kunzel. "Oliver & Company/Story & Songs from the Motion Picture," various artists. "Raffi in Concert with the Rise and Shine Band," Raffi. "The Rock-A-Bye Collection Volume I," Tanya Goodman. "Thumbelina," read by Kelly McGillis, music by Mark Isham.
Comedy: "Dice," Andrew Dice Clay. "Motherhood: the Second Oldest Profession," Erma Bombeck. "P.D.Q. Bach: 1712 Overture & Other Musical Assaults," Prof. Peter Schickele--the Greater Hoople Area Off-Season Philharmonic. "Wild Thing," Sam Kinison. "Without You I'm Nothing," Sandra Bernhard.
Spoken Word or Non-musical: "All I Really Need to Know I Learned in Kindergarten," Robert Fulghum. "I Want to Grow Hair, I Want to Grow Up, I Want to Go to Boise," Erma Bombeck. "It's Always Something," Gilda Radner. "Sir John Gielgud Reads Alice in Wonderland," Sir John Gielgud. "The War of the Worlds 50th Anniversary Production," Jason Robards, Steve Allen, Douglas Edwards and cast.
Musical Cast Show Album: "Aspects of Love." "Broadway the Hard Way." "Jerome Robbins' Broadway." "Sarafina! The Music of Liberation." "Sondheim: Pacific Overtures."
Instrumental Composition: "The Batman Theme," Danny Elfman. "Field of Dreams," James Horner. "Letter From Home," Pat Metheny. "Morning Sprite," Chick Corea. "Suite from 'The Milagro Beanfield War,' " Dave Grusin. "Who Framed Roger Rabbit Suite," Alan Silvestri.
Original Instrumental Background Score for Motion Picture or Television: "Batman," Danny Elfman. "The Fabulous Baker Boys," Dave Grusin. "Field of Dreams," James Horner. "Indian Jones and the Last Crusade," John Williams. "Passion--Music for The Last Temptation of Christ," Peter Gabriel.
Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or Television: "Angel of Harlem," Bono and U2. "The Girl Who Used to Be Me," Alan and Marilyn Bergman, Marvin Hamlisch. "Shirley Valentine," "I Love to See You Smile," Randy Newman; "Let the River Run," Carly Simon. "Partyman," Prince.
Video, Short Form: "Leave Me Alone," Michael Jackson. "The Living Years," Mike the Mechanics. "Orinoco Flow (Sail Away)," Enya. "Something to Hold Onto," Trevor Rabin. "There's a Tear in My Beer," Hank Williams Jr. and Hank Williams Sr.
Video, Long Form: "Hangin' Tough," New Kids on the Block. "In Concert--Delicate Sound of Thunder," Pink Floyd. "Moonwalker," Michael Jackson. "Rhythm Nation," Janet Jackson. "Savage," Eurythmics.
Arrangement on an Instrumental: "Anything Goes," Les Hooper. "The Count Basie Remembrance Suite," Count Basie Orchestra. "Extensions," Uptown String Quartet. "Suite From 'The Milagro Beanfield War,' " Dave Grusin. "Three in One," Mel Lewis Jazz Orchestra.
Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocals: "Bring on the Raindrops," Frank Foster. "Carlotta's Heart," Don Sebesky. "It Had to Be You," Marc Shaiman. "My Funny Valentine," Dave Grusin. "Rhythm Nation," Janet Jackson, Terry Lewis and Jimmy Jam.
Album Package: "Batman," Tom Recchion. "Foreign Affair," Bill Burke and Tommy Steele. "Monster," Tommy Steele. "Sound + Vision," Roger Gorman. "World in Motion," Jimmy Wachtel.
Album Notes: "American Musical Theater--Shows, Songs and Stars," Dwight Blocker Bowers. "Bird: The Complete Charlie Parker on Verve," Phil Schaap. "Bill Evans: The Complete Fantasy Recordings," Gene Lees. "Jazz Piano," Martin Williams, Dick Katz and Francis Davis. "Now That's a Good Tune," Howard Wright Marshall and Amy E. Skillman.
Historical Album: "American Musical Theater--Shows, Songs and Stars," Dwight Blocker Bowers. "Blue Note 50th Anniversary Collection Volumes 1-5 1939-1989," Michael Cuscuna. "Chuck Berry--the Chess Box," Andy McKaie. "Jazz Piano," Martin Williams. "Nat King Cole and the King Cole Trio," Will Friedwald.
Engineering: "Cry Like a Rainstorm--Howl Like the Wind," George Massenburg. "Flowers in the Dirt," Neil Dorfsman. "Full Moon Fever," Mike Campbell, Don Smith and Bill Bottrell. "Happy Anniversary, Charlie Brown," Josiah Gluck. "Like a Prayer," Bill Bottrell. "Migration," Don Murray and Ed Rak.
Producer (non-classical): Peter Asher. Emiio Estefan, Jr., Jorge Casas & Clay Ostwald. Jimmy Jam, Terry Lewis & Janet Jackson. L.A. & Babyface. Prince. Tears for Fears & David Bascombe.
Classical Album: Six String Quartets (Bartok), Emerson String Quartet; Symphony No. 8 (Bruckner), Vienna Philharmonic, Herbert von Karajan, cond.; Piano Concerto (Busoni), Cleveland Orchestra; Garrick Ohlsson, piano, Christoph von Dohnanyi, cond.; Howard Hanson's Symphonies Nos. 1 ("Nordic") and 2 ("Romantic"), Seattle Symphony, Gerard Schwarz, cond.; "Die Walkure" (Wagner), Metropolitan Opera, James Levine, cond.
Orchestral Performance: Concerto for Orchestra, etc. (Bartok), Montreal Symphony, Charles Dutoit, cond.; Symphony No. 8 (Bruckner), Vienna Philharmonic, Herbert von Karajan, cond.: Music by Copland, Orpheus Chamber Orchestra, no conductor; Hanson Symphonies, Seattle Symphony, Gerard Schwarz, cond.; Symphony No. 3 (Mahler), New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein, cond.
Opera Recording: "Wozzeck" (Berg), Vienna Philharmonic, Claudio Abbado, cond.; "Porgy and Bess" (Gershwin), London Philharmonic & Glyndebourne Chorus, Simon Rattle, cond.; "Elektra," (Strauss), Boston Symphony, Seiji Ozawa, cond.; "Eugen Onegin" (Tchaikovsky), Dresden State Orchestra, James Levine, cond.; "Die Walkure" (Wagner), Metropolitan Opera Orchestra, James Levine, cond.
Choral Performance: "War Requiem," (Britten), Atlanta Symphony and Chorus, Robert Shaw, cond.; "The Kingdom," (Elgar), London Philharmonic and Choir, Leonard Slatkin, cond.; "Jephtha," (Handel), Monteverdi Choir, John Eliot Gardiner, cond.; "Messiah", (Handel), English Concert and Choir, Trevor Pinnock, cond.; Choral Music by Vaughan Williams, Christ Church Cathedral Choir, Stephen Darlington, cond.
Classical Performance-Instrumental Soloist With Orchestra: Concertos by Barber and Britten, Yo-Yo Ma, cellist; Clarinet Concerto, (Copland), David Shifrin, clarinet; Offertorium (Gubaidulina), Gidon Kremer, violin; Violin Concerto, (William Schuman), etc., Robert McDuffie, violin; Concertos by Shostakovich and Prokofiev, Victoria Mullova, violin.
Classical Performance-Instrumental Soloist Without Orchestra: English Suites (Bach), Andras Schiff, piano; Late Piano Sonatas (Beethoven), Richard Goode, piano; Four Ballades, (Chopin), Krystian Zimerman, piano; Piano Music by Martinu, Rudolf Firkusny, piano; Romantic Cello Favorites (Popper), Janos Starker, cello.
Chamber Music Performance: Six String Quartets (Bartok), Emerson String Quartet; Late Beethoven Quartets, Guarneri Quartet; String Trios (Beethoven), Anne-Sophie Mutter, violin; Violin Sonatas (Prokofiev), Shlomo Mintz, violin; Yefim Bronfman, piano; Shostakovich Trios, Isaac Stern, violin; Yo-Yo Ma, cello; Emanuel Ax, piano.
Classical Solo Vocalist Performance: "Summer of 1915," music of Barber, Menotti, Harbison, Stravinsky (Knoxville), Dawn Upshaw, soprano; "Live in Tokyo 1988," Placido Domingo, tenor, Kahleen Battle, soprano; "The Unknown Puccini," (Puccini), Domingo, tenor; Lieder (Schubert), Kathleen Battle, soprano; Songs by Thomson, Bowles, Hoiby, Musto (etc.), William Sharp, baritone.
Contemporary Composition: "Offertorium" Sofia Gubaidulina; "Chain 2" Witold Lutoslawski; "Partita" Witold Lutoslawski; "Passio" Arvo Part; "Different Trains" Steve Reich.
Classical Engineered Recording: "Concerto for Orchestra," etc. (Bartok), John Dunkerley, engineer; "War Requiem," (Britten), Jack Renner, engineer; Hanson Symphonies, John Eargle, engineer; Symphony No. 3 (Mahler), Karl-August Naegler and Helmut Burk, engineers; "Die Walkure," (Wagner), Wolfgang Mitlehner, engineer.
Producer of the Year: Wolf Erichson; Michael Haas; Patti Laursen; Elizabeth Ostrow; Robert Woods.