Faster-moving Hawaii lava gushes into sea and spews new danger
Steam plumes rise as lava reaches the Pacific Ocean from fissures of Kilauea volcano on Hawaii’s Big Island on Sunday. Lava has been spewing from new fissures since May 3.
(Mario Tama / Getty Images)
Lava flows into the ocean near Pahoa, Hawaii. The volcanic chain of events began April 30 with the collapse of a lava-filled crater 12 miles east of Kilauea’s summit and the lava draining underground.
People take pictures as lava pours into the ocean, generating plumes of steam near Pahoa, Hawaii. Lava from a collapsed crater began oozing and spewing through fissures in the ground May 3, consuming homes, cars and roads.(Jae C. Hong / Associated Press)
Steam and volcanic gases rise as lava enters the Pacific Ocean. Officials are warning people on Hawaii’s Big Island about a combination of lava and haze. “Laze is when hot lava hits the ocean sending hydrochloric acid and steam with fine glass particles in the air,” the Hawaii County Civil Defense agency told the public May 20.(Mario Tama / Getty Images)
People play golf as an ash plume rises in the distance from the Kilauea volcano on Hawaii’s Big Island.(Mario Tama / Getty Images)
Eruptive activity from the Kilauea volcano continues in the vicinity of fissure 17 on Hawaii’s Big Island.(Mario Tama / Getty Images)
An early-morning explosion at Kilauea volcano in Hawaii shoots a dusty plume of ash about 30,000 feet into the sky.(U.S. Geological Survey)
An aerial view shows smoke rising from the Pu’u ‘O’o crater on Hawaii’s Big Island.(Bruce Omori / Paradise Helicopters)
National Guard troops patrol the area along Leilani Avenue in Hawaii following volcanic activity in Leilani Estates.(Brian van der Brug / Los Angeles Times)
Lava flows at a new fissure in the aftermath of eruptions from the Kilauea volcano on Hawaii’s Big Island as a local resident walks nearby after taking photos.(Mario Tama / Getty Images)
A lava fissure erupts from the Kilauea volcano on Hawaii’s Big Island.(Mario Tama / Getty Images)
Plants grow in cracks on a hardened lava flow from the Kilauea volcano on Hawaii’s Big Island in Pahoa, Hawaii.(Mario Tama / Getty Images)
A lava flow from the Kilauea volcano cools near homes in the vicinity of fissure 17, on Hawaii’s Big Island.(Mario Tama / Getty Images)
Lava from the Kilauea volcano moves across the road in the Leilani Estates in Pahoa, Hawaii.(Marco Garcia / Associated Press)
A Hawaii Volcano Observatory geologist records a temperature of 218 degrees Fahrenheit at a crack along Nohea Street in Leilani Estates near the town of Pahoa, Hawaii.(U.S. Geological Survey)
An aerial view shows the 1,000-foot-long fissure that erupted on Kilauea’s east rift zone near Pahoa, Hawaii.(Bruce Omori / Paradise Helicopters)
A volcano that is oozing, spewing and exploding on Hawaii’s Big Island has become more hazardous, sending rivers of molten rock pouring into the ocean Sunday and launching lava skyward that caused the first major injury.
Kilauea volcano began erupting more than two weeks ago and has burned dozens of homes, forced thousands of people to flee and shot up ash clouds from its summit that led officials to distribute face masks.
Lava flows have picked up speed in recent days, spattering molten rock that hit a man in the leg.
He was outside his home Saturday in the remote, rural region affected by the volcano when the lava “hit him on the shin and shattered everything from there down on his leg,” Janet Snyder, Hawaii County mayor’s spokeswoman, told the Hawaii News Now TV station.
The injury came the same day that lava began streaming across a highway and flowing into the ocean.
The interaction of lava and seawater has created a cloud of steam laced with hydrochloric acid and fine glass particles that can irrigate the skin and eyes and cause breathing problems.
The lava haze, or “laze,” extended as far as 15 miles west of where the lava gushed into the ocean on the Big Island’s southern coast. It was just offshore and running parallel to the coast, said U.S. Geological Survey scientist Wendy Stovall.
Authorities warn that the plume could shift direction if the winds change. The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory says sulfur dioxide emissions also have tripled.
Residents in the area have been evacuated, and the highway that the lava crossed has shut down in places.
Joseph Kekedi, an orchid grower who lives and works about three miles from where lava is pouring into the sea, said luckily the flow didn’t head his way. At one point, it was about a mile up-slope from his property in the coastal community of Kapoho.
He said residents can’t do much but stay informed and be ready to get out of the way.
“Here’s nature reminding us again who’s boss,” Kekedi said.
He is hosting a 90-year-old who evacuated from the Leilani Estates neighborhood, where lava started spewing May 3. He also was storing belongings for other friends who had to leave their homes.
Kekedi said most of his neighbors are optimistic. He has friends who lost houses when lava smothered the town of Kalapana in the 1990s, but they built again and found a good life and “life went on.”
Scientists say they don’t know how long the eruption will last. The volcano has opened more than 20 vents, including four that have merged into one large crack. It has been gushing lava high into the sky and sending a river of molten rock toward the ocean at about 300 yards per hour.
The flows accelerated after newer lava began emerging from the ground late last week. The fresher lava is hotter and tends to move faster.
Scientists say the older lava is likely from magma that Kilauea has been storing underground since the volcano last erupted in 1955.
The area affected by lava and ash is small compared with the Big Island, which is about 4,000 square miles. The volcano has spared most of the island and the rest of the Hawaiian chain.
Officials reminded tourists that flights have not been affected, even on the Big Island. There, travelers are free to do most of the usual sightseeing activities that aren’t associated with the erupting volcano.
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