Israel and Hamas agreed Thursday to extend a temporary truce by another day minutes before it was set to expire, said Qatar, which has been mediating between the two sides.
Negotiations on extending it came down to the wire, with last-minute disagreements over the hostages to be freed by Hamas in exchange for another day of a halt in fighting.
Word of the extension came just as the truce was to expire at 7 a.m. local time Thursday. The Qatari Foreign Ministry said the cease-fire was being extended under the same terms as in the past, under which Hamas has released about 10 Israeli hostages per day in exchange for the release of 30 Palestinian prisoners.
The announcement followed a last-minute standoff earlier Thursday, with Hamas saying Israel had rejected a proposed list that included seven living captives and the remains of three who the group said were killed in previous Israeli airstrikes. Israel later said Hamas submitted an improved list, paving the way for the extension.
Negotiators had been working into Thursday to work out details for a further extension of the truce. The expectation had been to extend the pause in fighting for at least another day or two, with the focus on releasing women and children.
The talks appear to be growing tougher as most of the women and children held by Hamas are freed, as the militants are expected to seek greater releases in return for freeing men and soldiers.
International pressure had mounted for the cease-fire to continue as long as possible after nearly eight weeks of Israeli bombardment and a ground campaign in Gaza that has killed thousands of Palestinians, uprooted three-quarters of the population of 2.3 million and led to a humanitarian crisis. Israel has welcomed the release of dozens of hostages in recent days and says it will maintain the truce if Hamas keeps freeing captives.
Still, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu underscored on Wednesday that Israel will resume its campaign to eliminate Hamas, which has ruled Gaza for 16 years and orchestrated the deadly attack on Israel that triggered the war.
“After this phase of returning our abductees is exhausted, will Israel return to fighting? So my answer is an unequivocal yes,” he said. “There is no way we are not going back to fighting until the end.”
He spoke ahead of a visit to the region by U.S. Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken to press for further extensions of the truce and hostage releases. Blinken arrived in Israel late Wednesday.
Information about their captivity has been tightly controlled, but family members have begun sharing details of the freed hostages’ experiences.
So far, the Israeli onslaught in Gaza seems to have had little effect on Hamas’ rule, evidenced by its ability to conduct complex negotiations, enforce the cease-fire among other armed groups, and orchestrate the release of hostages. Hamas leaders, including Yahya Sinwar, have probably relocated to the south.
With Israeli troops holding much of northern Gaza, a ground invasion in the south will probably bring an escalating cost in Palestinian lives and destruction.
Most of Gaza’s population is now crammed into the south. The truce has brought them relief from bombardment, but the days of calm have been taken up in a frenzied rush to obtain supplies to feed their families as aid enters in greater, but still insufficient, amounts.
The United States, Israel’s main ally, has shown greater reticence over the impact of the war in Gaza. The Biden administration has told Israel that if it launches an offensive in the south, it must operate with far greater precision.
Late Wednesday, the Israeli military said a group of 10 Israeli women and children and four Thai nationals had been returned to Israel, where they were being taken to hospitals to be reunited with their families. Earlier, two Russian-Israeli women were freed by Hamas in a separate release.
Hours later, Israel freed more Palestinian prisoners, expected to number 30 under the terms of the truce deal.
In the West Bank, Israeli troops killed two Palestinian boys — an 8-year-old and a 15-year-old — during a raid on the town of Jenin, Palestinian health officials said. Security footage showed a group of boys in the street who start to run, except for one who falls to the ground, bleeding.
The Israeli military said its troops fired on people who threw explosives at them but did not specify if it was referring to the boys, who are not seen throwing anything. Separately, the military said its troops killed two Islamic Jihad militants during the raid.
In Israel, the plight of the captives and shock from Hamas’ Oct. 7 cross-border attack have galvanized support for the war. But Netanyahu is under pressure to bring the hostages home and could find it difficult to resume the offensive if there’s a prospect for more releases.
Since the initial truce began on Friday, both sides have been releasing women and children. After Friday’s releases, Gaza militants still hold around 20 women, according to Israeli officials. If the releases continue at the current rate, they would be out in a few days.
After that, keeping the truce going depends on tougher negotiations over the release of around 126 men Israel says are held captive — including several dozen soldiers.
Authorities in Vermont are weighing whether the shooting over the weekend of three college students of Palestinian descent counts as a hate crime.
For men — and especially soldiers — Hamas is expected to push for comparable releases of Palestinian men or prominent detainees, a deal Israel may resist.
An Israeli official involved in hostage negotiations said talks on a further extension for the release of civilian males and soldiers were still preliminary, and that a deal would not be considered until all the women and children are out. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because negotiations were ongoing.
With Wednesday’s releases, a total of 73 Israelis, including dual nationals, have been freed during the six-day truce, most of whom appear physically well but shaken. An additional 24 hostages — 23 Thais and one Filipino — have also been released. Before the cease-fire, Hamas released four hostages, and the Israeli army rescued one. Two others were found dead in Gaza.
Hamas abducted about 240 people in its attack and took them to Gaza, including babies, children, women, soldiers, older adults and Thai farm laborers. It killed more than 1,200 people, mostly civilians, in the Oct. 7 attack, according to Israel.
Israel’s bombardment and ground invasion in Gaza have killed more than 13,300 Palestinians, roughly two-thirds of them women and minors, according to the Health Ministry in Hamas-ruled Gaza, which does not differentiate between civilians and combatants.
The toll is probably much higher, as officials have only sporadically updated the count since Nov. 11 because of the breakdown of services in the north. The ministry says thousands more people are missing and feared dead under the rubble.
Israel says 77 of its soldiers have been killed in the ground offensive. It claims to have killed thousands of militants, without providing evidence.
A Southern California resident is celebrating after four relatives were released from their long captivity in Gaza following Hamas’ attack on Israel.
In the West Bank city of Ramallah, a crowd gathered before dawn Thursday to receive the latest group of freed prisoners.
Most prominent among them was Ahed Tamimi, a 22-year-old activist who gained worldwide fame in 2017 after a video of her slapping an Israeli soldier went viral on social media.
Israeli troops arrested her Nov. 6 at her West Bank home for what it said was “incitement to terrorism” on her Instagram account. Her mother said Tamimi’s account had been hacked.
As soon as she got off the Red Cross bus, Tamimi was surrounded by a crowd of supporters and family members. A woman stopping Tamimi to kiss her pushed her curly mane of hair aside her face.
“I want you to show them your beautiful face. I want you to be strong,” the woman is heard saying.
“Of course, I am always strong,” Tamimi responded.
Tamimi was then whisked away by relatives in a family car toward her home in the West Bank village of Nabi Saleh.
Palestinians have celebrated the release of people they see as having resisted Israel’s decades-long military occupation of lands they want for a future state.
So far, most of the 180 Palestinians freed from Israeli prisons have been teenagers accused of throwing stones and firebombs during confrontations with Israeli forces. Several were women convicted by Israeli military courts of attempting to attack soldiers.
For Palestinians in Gaza, the truce’s calm has been overwhelmed by the search for aid and by horror as they see the extent of the destruction.
In the north, residents described entire residential blocks leveled in Gaza City and surrounding areas. The smell of decomposing bodies under collapsed buildings fills the air, said Mohmmed Mattar, a 29-year-old resident of Gaza City who along with other volunteers searches for the dead under rubble or in the streets.
They have found and buried 46 so far during the truce, he said. Most were unidentified. More bodies remain under rubble but can’t be reached without heavy equipment, or are left on streets that are unapproachable because of Israeli troops nearby, Mattar said.
In the south, the truce has allowed more aid to be delivered from Egypt, up to 200 trucks a day. But aid officials say it is not enough, given that most now depend on outside aid. Overwhelmed U.N.-run shelters house more than 1 million displaced people, with many sleeping outside in cold, rainy weather.
At a distribution center in Rafah, large crowds line up daily for newly arrived bags of flour. But supplies run out quickly before many can get their share.
“We’ve been searching for bread for our children,” said one woman in line, Nawal abu Namous. “Every day, we come here … we spend money on transportation to get here, just to go home with nothing.”
The head of the World Health Organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, said some 111,000 people in the Gaza Strip have respiratory infections and 75,000 have diarrhea, more than half of them under 5 years old.
“We are fed up,” said Omar al Darawi, who works at Al Aqsa Martyrs hospital in central Gaza. “We want this war to stop.”
Shurafa and Lidman reported from Jerusalem, Jeffery from Cairo. Associated Press writers Jalal Bwaitel in Ramallah, West Bank, and Jon Gambrell in Doha, Qatar, contributed to this report.
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