Anyone who has lived in California for any period of time is aware that the state is earthquake prone. Students participates in earthquake drills throughout their school career and all California residents should have water and food set aside for the emergency. The problem is there is a big difference between knowing what should be done and actually doing it.
The Great Southern California Shake Out earthquake response scenario that will feature an all-encompassing drill next month, hopes to change inaction to action, and get every Californian prepared for the next big earthquake.
On Sept. 25, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory hosted Dr. Lucy Jones, the chief scientist from the Multi Demonstration Project for Southern California.
â€œA great earthquake is an inevitable part of California's future and Californians are not ready for it,â€ said Marc Razze, JPL spokesman, as he welcomed the audience to the seminar. â€œOne of the most likely great earthquakes [that could] hit California is on the southern San Andreas fault. That fault is so long that magnitudes 7.8 earthquakes are common and the fault moves so fast earthquakes happen on average every 100 years. The last one was in 1857.â€
Jones then took the podium and began to explain how the Shake Out came to be and what the scenario hopes to accomplish.
â€œThe Shake Out is a plan to have a weeklong series of special events to inspire Southern Californians to get ready for the big earthquake,â€ Jones said. â€œIt will center around an earthquake drill on Nov. 13. This is definitely the largest earthquake drill ever taken in the United States and if we continue to go the way we are going we are going to be the biggest drill held anywhere in the world.â€
The drill was based on the results of a scientific study that encompassed opinions and research from over 300 individuals working in the fields of earth sciences, engineering and social science.
Jones explained that normally scientists who would explain everything that would happen to the earth or social science and economists that would cover the financial and social hardships would either guide an earthquake drill. This is the first time that both entities have combined to give a big picture look at what Southern Californians would face during and after a large earthquake.
The first issue was to choose a fault line for the earthquake.
â€œThat is easier said than done [in Southern California] we have over 300 faults that are capable of a magnitude of 6,â€ she said.
The final analysis was that the shake out would be based on potential magnitude 7.8 earthquake on the southern San Andreas Fault, about 5,000 times larger than the magnitude 5.4 earthquake that shook Southern California on July 29.
With the scenario in place the committees began working on how this type of earthquake would affect Los Angeles County and beyond. It was determined that the damage to structures and contents would be $112.7 billion and businesses would be affected to the tune of $96.2 billion. Following the earthquake they found that 1,600 ignitions requiring a fire engine, 1,200 exceed capability of first engine, in Northern Orange County and the L.A. Basin, a dozen large fires would merge into conflagrations destroying hundreds of blocks and an estimated 133,000 single family dwellings would be lost with a property loss of $65 billion.
â€œAnd that's without Santa Ana conditions,â€ Jones said.
The Shake Out earthquake scenario will combine many emergency responders including Los Angeles County Fire and Crescenta Valley Sheriff's Station. They will work with other local agencies including Altadena Sheriff's Department, Glendale Police and Fire and Los Angeles Police and Fire.
â€œIt is not if, but when,â€ Jones said of the next earthquake.
The Great Shake Out is a way to find out what works and what needs to be worked on, Jones said.
For information of the Great Southern California Shake Out or to join the scenario visit the website at www.shakeout.org.