The big chill created a big stall in auto sales last month.
Based on initial reports by
Automakers estimated they sold about 1.2 million vehicles in the U.S. last month, about a 1% gain.
Small sport-utility vehicles and four-wheel and all-wheel drive vehicles sold best in February, in part because they were they types of autos best matched to the severe winter conditions in much of the nation, automakers said.
GM said its U.S. sales fell 1% to 222,104 vehicles last month compared with February a year earlier.
"Weather continued to impact the industry in February, but GM sales started to thaw during the Winter Olympic Games as our brand and marketing messages took hold," said Kurt McNeil, GM's U.S. sales chief.
"Despite a slower start to 2014 than most people expected, we look forward to a very successful year, backed by plenty of new products and what should be the strongest GDP growth since the end of the recession," McNeil said.
Ford sales fell 6% to 183,947 vehicles in February.
Sales to fleet customers -- rental car companies, commercial users and government agencies -- plunged 10% as winter weather delayed a portion of the orders. Those sales are expected to rebound this month, the car company said.
"Sales surged in the final week, providing us momentum after a slow start to the month," said John Felice, Ford vice president of U.S. marketing, sales and service.
Autos sold well in the regions not impeded by the weather issues, Felice said. That foreshadows "a solid March," he said.
Chrysler, which has a high percentage of truck and SUV models, did the best of the domestic auto companies.
Chrysler sales rose 11% to 154,866 vehicles, the company's best February sales since 2007.
"February auto sales emerged from a chill in the second half of the month, poising the industry for a strong March," said Bill Fay, Toyota's division group vice president and general manager. "For Toyota, strong truck sales were a highlight this month, with RAV4 and Highlander posting best-ever February results."
Nissan's sales also rose, up nearly 16% to 115,360 vehicles. Big discounts and incentives contributed to Nissan’s gain. The average sales price for its vehicles last month fell 2% from January to $27,906, according to auto price information company
Sales of the Volkswagen brand fell 13.8% to 27,112 vehicles.
"February was another turbulent month for automakers, with companies like Chrysler and Nissan reporting strong sales growth while most suffered losses due to the continued cold weather," Karl Brauer, senior analyst at Kelley Blue Book.
"Most of the factors that have driven auto sales over the past 12 months are still in place," Brauer said, "but if consumer activity doesn't pick up in the next few weeks we'll likely see an aggressive, industry-wide incentive program that could hurt profitability."