The U.S. trade deficit declined sharply in April as exports posted a modest gain and imports fell, raising hopes that trade's drag on economic growth will ease in the current quarter.
The April deficit tumbled 19.2% to $40.9 billion after surging to $50.6 billion in March, the Commerce Department said Wednesday. The March deficit had been the highest level since late 2008.
The big surge in the deficit reduced overall economic growth by nearly 2 percentage points in the first quarter, sending gross domestic product into negative territory.
In April, exports edged up 1% to $189.9 billion, led by a big rise in commercial airplane sales. Imports fell 3.3% to $230.8 billion. The deficit is the difference between imports and exports.
The big deficit increase in March reflected the end of a labor dispute which had tied up West Coast ports. With the ports fully operational, a backlog of imports, many from China, flooded into the country. Economists had predicted with the backlog processed, the deficit would shrink in April to more normal levels.
For the first four months of the year, the deficit is running 1% higher than the same period a year ago. Economists believe this year's deficit will increase modestly from the revised $508.3 billion deficit in 2014.
Robert Kavcic, senior economist at BMO Capital Markets, said he believed trade's impact would be roughly neutral in the current April-June period and would likely trim growth by about a half percentage point for the entire year.
American manufacturers have been hurt by a rise in the value of the dollar over the past year. The stronger dollar makes American goods more expensive on overseas markets and makes imports cheaper for U.S. consumers.
But a boom in U.S. energy production has helped to lower the trade deficit, reducing Americans' reliance on foreign oil. In April, the petroleum deficit shrank to $6.8 billion, the lowest level in 13 years.
The rise in exports reflected not only the increase in oil shipments but also gains in sales of American-made airplanes, telecommunications equipment, autos and heavy machinery. The fall in imports reflected declines in imports of autos, industrial machinery and consumer goods including cellphones and clothing.
The deficit with China, which had surged in March, dropped 15.2% to $26.5 billion in April. But for the year, the deficit with China is running 12.7% above the same level in 2014, the latest year in which the U.S.-China trade gap set another record.