Occidental College's underreporting of sexual assault allegations was far more extensive than campus officials have acknowledged, according to documents, interviews and a Times review of two confidential federal complaints against the school.
In October, the college said it had failed to disclose two dozen sexual assault allegations made by students in 2010 and 2011, a potential violation of federal law. At the time, officials said their revisions represented a complete accounting of the assault cases.
A Times review found 27 additional sexual assault allegations made in 2012 that have not been disclosed. Dozens more may have been ignored by the Dean of Students' office since 2009 because they were made anonymously, records and interviews showed.
FOR THE RECORD:
Occidental College assaults: An article in the Dec. 7 Section A about Occidental College's failure to report sexual assaults stated that college President Jonathan Veitch told the campus newspaper he had met with an alleged assailant and decided the student did not pose an ongoing threat. A campus spokesman said Veitch's staff, not Veitch, met with the student.
In other cases, administrators actively discouraged victims from filing reports, according to the complaints reviewed by The Times. "Are you sure you really want to go through with this?" Associate Dean of Students Erica O'Neal Howard told one student who said she was raped last February, according to the complaint. "It is a really long and hard process, and it may cause you more pain and suffering."
Top administrators — including the college's president, dean of students and former general counsel — are accused in the complaints of suppressing assault reports, retaliating against those who raised concerns and, in one case, attempting to organize a group of male athletes to rebuff administration critics.
The complaints were filed last spring by dozens of students and faculty members at the small liberal arts college in Eagle Rock. They sparked Department of Education probes into alleged violations of the Clery Act, which requires campuses to disclose all reports of serious crime, and Title IX, the federal anti-discrimination law.
The federal investigations come amid a national debate over how administrators deal with sexual assault reports. Dozens of campuses across the country, including USC and UC Berkeley, have been the subject of similar complaints. Several of them have been organized by Know Your IX, a group of activists who have used social media to raise awareness about victims' rights and colleges' obligations under the law.
Many of the complaints have charged that campus authorities discouraged reporting of sexual assaults to protect their public image and to avoid lawsuits from alleged perpetrators. Campus administrators generally deny this, but acknowledged they have struggled to comply with federal laws while balancing the rights of accusers and the accused.
Occidental officials declined to comment on specific incidents in the complaints.
"Given the two investigations currently underway by the Department of Education, we believe our students will be best served by the conclusions reached through these comprehensive, thorough, and public reviews," spokesman James Tranquada said in a statement. "In the meantime, Occidental continues to move ahead with its efforts to improve its policies and procedures to ensure the College is a national leader in dealing with sexual misconduct."
Administrators began discovering the depth of Occidental's reporting problems last spring, after students and faculty sharply criticized the college for its response to the alleged rape of a female student at the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity in February.
After filing a police report, the woman said she went to the Dean of Students' office to initiate a disciplinary case against her alleged assailant, an Occidental student. According to her account detailed in the complaint, she was discouraged from filing a report and told by another dean not to discuss the matter with anyone "to avoid civil claims."
Administrators did not issue a campus safety alert in response to her report — a step the college routinely takes after bicycle thefts, car break-ins and stolen laptops, the complaint says. College President Jonathan Veitch later told the campus newspaper that he had met with the alleged assailant and decided he did not seem to pose a serious or ongoing threat, the threshold for an alert under the Clery Act.
After a professor and student criticized the administration in an interview with a television station, Veitch issued a public letter saying they had "actively sought to embarrass the college." He later apologized for the statement, but his letter is cited in the federal complaint as evidence that he retaliated against them.
In March, some 300 students gathered outside the Dean of Students' office to protest the administration's failure to issue an alert. The uproar led to an internal review by Occidental administrators that found deeper problems, many involving the office of Barbara Avery, the longtime dean of students.
For years, Avery's office had only reported cases that had been investigated by campus officials, records and interviews show.
Among those that weren't disclosed to the federal government were anonymous allegations filed online, a system the college set up in 2009 to encourage the reporting of sexual assaults. Occidental declined to disclose how many such reports have been made.