Grannis, who also co-founded what is now Surfing magazine, died Thursday of natural causes at a Torrance nursing facility, said his son John.
"There's surfing royalty, and he was one of the kings," his son said. "He inspired so many big-name photographers that consider him their mentor."
FOR THE RECORD:
LeRoy Grannis: In the Feb. 5 LATExtra section, the obituary of photographer LeRoy Grannis, whose images popularized the surf culture, included a photo with a caption that said he co-founded what is now Surfer magazine. As the article noted, he co-founded International Surfing, which became Surfing magazine. —
His photographs "caught surfing at a critical juncture between cult and culture," wrote Steve Barilotti in the introduction to "LeRoy Grannis: Surf Photography of the 1960s and 1970s," a $400 limited-edition 2006 book.
While his photos of grass shacks and woody station wagons evoke nostalgia, Grannis "was documenting surfing's rapid evolution into an iconic lifestyle," Barilotti wrote. "His photos captured the real thing, providing a bridge between the world of Beach Boy lyrics and the reality of the Southern California beach scene."
The Surfing Walk of Fame in Huntington Beach, which added Grannis in 1999, saluted him for creating "many of the 1960s' most enduring surfing images."
He freeze-framed fresh-scrubbed surfers riding longboards without leashes but also swung his camera around to record the evolving surf culture in California and Hawaii. For every "Greg Noll About to Eat It, Waimea Bay (Oahu), 1966" there was a scene-setter such as the "Aussie Surf Wagon" in Hermosa Beach plastered with such slogans as "The Young Wave Hunters" and "Malibu or Bust."
In a 2006 review of the limited-edition book, The Times said Grannis "helped to innovate a style of art. … The book has the effect of a time capsule, bringing back an era that continues to resonate for us in shades of Technicolor and black and white. "
Evan Slater, then the editor of Surfing magazine, told the San Diego Union-Tribune in 2006 that Grannis was "a surfer first, but he was also one of the first surfers to realize our sport needed to be documented properly" as he became "a key founding father of surf media and surf photography."
Although he often shot from shore with a long lens, Grannis in 1963 bought a Calypso underwater camera, invented by oceanographer Jacques Cousteau, and waded into the water.
A year later, Grannis started developing a waterproof camera housing that attached to the nose of a surfboard, which allowed him to stay closer to the action and avoid returning to shore to change film.
His photographs became known for their intimacy, nuance and emotionalism. Much of his best work was in black and white and seemed to have a unique blending of light and shadow, according to "The Encyclopedia of Surfing" (2003) by Matt Warshaw.
Grannis differentiated himself from other surf photographers of his era by making pictures that had "a texture about them that was somehow palpable, even in published form," Brad Barrett wrote in "Photo: Grannis," a 1998 collection of his seminal work from the 1960s.
Although Grannis started surfing as a teen, he came to surf photography at 42 in 1959, a family man under doctor's orders to find a relaxing hobby to escape the stress from his job with the telephone company.
"I started chasing good surf, and what was a hobby became a lot more," Grannis told The Times in 2005.
"Surfing was becoming immensely popular. … And the 'Gidget' movie had struck a chord," he said. "Suddenly everyone wanted to surf, or at least look like surfers."
Encouraged by his good friend, pioneering surf photographer John Heath "Doc" Ball, Grannis bought an inexpensive 35-millimeter East German camera and built a darkroom in his garage. He started out selling photos for $1 apiece to Hermosa Beach surfers starved for images of themselves.