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The life of Pablo Neruda

The life of Pablo Neruda
Pablo Neruda, in 1971, was beloved by his Chilean countrymen. His three houses, which are open for tours, reveal a man of surprising tastes and reflect on the country's tumultuous past. (Michel Lipchitz / Associated Press)
Pablo Neruda

Born: July 12, 1904, in Parral,

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Chile

Died: Sept. 23, 1973, Santiago, Chile

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Awards and honors:

Nobel Prize

for literature, 1971; Golden Wreath Award, 1972

Life: Often called the "Whitman of the South." Poetry included such works as "Veinte Poemas de Amor y una Canción Desesperada" (Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair), "Residencia en la Tierra" (Residence on Earth), "Canto General" and "One Hundred Love Sonnets." He was a political creature, serving in diplomatic posts and was once nominated as president. He stepped aside for

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Salvador Allende
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, who was ultimately elected but died amid a coup. Neruda, said to be heartbroken (although suffering from cancer), died a few days later.

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