JOHANNESBURG, South Africa — The ruling African National
In an embarrassing hangover from the apartheid era, former freedom fighter Tokyo Sexwale was detained because he was on America's terrorism watch list.
The names of some anti-apartheid activists who opposed the racist system before South Africa's first democratic elections in 1994 reportedly remain on the U.S. terrorism watch list. The U.S. didn't remove former President
Mandela and other ANC leaders were designated "terrorists" during their struggle against apartheid. Sexwale, like Mandela, was part of the ANC's armed wing and served time as a political prisoner on Robben Island.
Sexwale, one of South African's richest men, has interests in mining and energy. In 2011, Forbes listed him among 10 African "millionaires to watch."
The ANC reacted with outrage at his detention and called for an unconditional apology.
"Comrade Tokyo Sexwale is a former minister of a democratic Republic of South Africa, a decorated freedom fighter, activist and leader of our liberation movement, not a terrorist," the party said in a statement Monday. "The very fact that the government of America continues to view members and leaders of the African National Congress as terrorists is an affront to the global anti-apartheid movement," the statement said, adding that current President
ANC members were designated as terrorists by the apartheid government and were barred from entry to the U.S. without special permission from the
In 2008, then-Secretary of State
There was no State Department response to the ANC call for an apology. An email from a department official did not address whether any other senior ANC members remained on the watch list or whether there were plans to remove any ANC officials who remained on the list.
Trent Duffy, a spokesman for the
Ebrahim Rasool, South Africa's ambassador to the U.S., told SABC news that he intervened with the State Department to ensure Sexwale was swiftly released. The businessman returned to South Africa.
The ambassador said the State Department assured him that Sexwale would not face embarrassment in future.
Rasool said the State Department had an override mechanism to prevent the detention of South African government officials traveling to the U.S., but in Sexwale's case the mechanism lapsed when he ceased to be a government minister.
Sexwale was housing and human settlements minister, but was a leading figure in a party faction that last year opposed Zuma's reelection as party leader. Zuma retained the party presidency and soon afterward Sexwale was dumped from the Cabinet.
South African media reported that Sexwale was considering court action to force the U.S. to remove the names of former freedom fighters from the terrorism watch list.