On this date, March 25, in 1957,
"The judge ruled that you couldn't judge a work obscene if it had the 'slightest redeeming social significance,'" City Lights publisher Lawrence Ferlinghetti told PBS' "NewHour" in 2002. "That was the key phrase, which held up. This was a precedent that really opened the floodgates and allowed the Grove Press in New York, for instance, to publish
Incidentally, City Lights' Ferlinghetti turned 94 Sunday; birthday greetings to him! And thanks.
Because speech in America got a little freer. American culture got a little looser. And that end was never guaranteed -- although the defense made a convincing case, the judge was a Sunday school teacher who had recently made headlines after sentencing five shoplifters to watch the epic biblical film "The Ten Commandments."
Some of the first seeds of the cultural shifts of the 1960s were sown -- all because 520 copies of "Howl" that had been printed in England were seized on their way into the US. Happy 56th anniversary of that seizure! Our culture wouldn't be the same without it.
Here's the opening of "Howl"; the complete poem is online at the Poetry Foundation.