Dr. David Sencer, a prominent former federal health official whose career was tainted by controversy over a
vaccination campaign in the 1970s, died Monday in an Atlanta hospital after a bout with pneumonia. He was 86.
Sencer was director of the
from 1966 to 1977 and served as
's health commissioner during the AIDS crisis of the 1980s.
A respected scientist known for his sharp memory and public policy skills, Sencer was credited with overseeing a variety of disease-fighting campaigns.
He coordinated the CDC's involvement in an international campaign to eradicate smallpox, a historically deadly scourge. The campaign was hugely successful — the last naturally occurring smallpox case was reported in the late 1970s. It also was one of the agency's first major steps into international public health, a field in which the CDC is now considered a leader.
But for most people, Sencer is most remembered for his involvement in the 1976 swine flu vaccination campaign.
Health officials became alarmed when a flu virus linked to swine was detected in soldiers at Ft. Dix, N.J., including one young man who died. It reminded them of the terrible
that caused millions of deaths around the world in 1918 and 1919.
Sencer coordinated a series of high-level meetings and recommended to
that a national
campaign be launched to prevent widespread deaths and illnesses.
More than 40 million Americans were
but the epidemic never materialized. Worse, the government began to receive dozens of reports of a paralyzing condition called
that was blamed on the vaccine. The campaign was suspended in December of that year and Sencer lost his job.
Sencer also was in charge in 1976, when CDC investigators identified the bacteria behind an outbreak of strange
infections at a
convention of the
. The condition would become known as Legionnaire's disease.
After leaving the CDC, Sencer took a variety of positions, including heading New York City's health department, considered one of the top jobs in U.S. public health.
In recent years, he remained an energetic and regular presence at the CDC. He was an advisor for the agency during the 2009 swine flu pandemic, and sometimes acted as a de facto CDC historian.
Sencer was born Nov. 10, 1924, in Grand Rapids, Mich., and received his medical degree from the University of Michigan and a master's degree in public health from
He is survived by his wife, Jane, and three children.